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Full text of "Atlas maritimus, or A book of charts : Describeing the sea coasts capes headlands sands shoals rocks and dangers the bayes roads harbors rivers and ports, in most of the knowne parts of the world. With the true courses and distances, from one place to another : Gathered from the latest and best discoveryes, that have bin made by divers able and experienced navigators of our English nation : Accomodated with an hydrographicall description of the whole world"

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Gi'Ci5<^. S4^ \UlSv 39^<^qo(o'ol«^im3, 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

Boston Public Library 

Charles R. 

HARLES the Second, 2B{> f f)C dS^ace Of <I301), 'MxXQtt England^ 
Scotland, France, atlD Itelaiu', DefEnDer Of tl)C jFattl), &c, ^0 

allOurlofams^ubjEtts, of tutjat Degree, cotiDition, o^qualt* 
tp foet)er,tbttl)m anp sDur Itingobnis o? Dominibns, greeting; 
Mljereas mt \)nU beengiben to unDerttano, tljat €)ut Xruftp 

anO MeUbelObeO Subject, John Seller, -Dut Hydrographer in 

Ordinary, ijatl) been fo? t^tfe feberal pears lall pad. Collect* 
ing anb compoOng tU)0 large Xreattfes of /Babigation, ti^e 
one Cntituleb tl)e Engum pilot, t^e otljer tl)e Sea Atlas, 3Defcribing t\)t ^ea^ 
Coafts, Capes, J^eab=lanbS, 26apES, asoabs, aSibers, ^arbours, -RocftSi 
danbs, S)OunbingS, S>l)oals, anb places of SDangcr in Jiioft of tt)t fenoibn 
parts of tJ)e JKBo^ID ; a ©illo?lt of berp great Crpe nee anb Coft,anb not ^eretofo?e 
perfo^meb in tljis Dnr Bingbotn. %l)c ftrfl i^art ibljcreof bemg noib fnllp anb 
entirelp fini0)eb, SCle are info^mcb tl)at Cnbeabours are mabe bp fonic of ^ut 
;g)ttbjccts, fecretlp to Copp anb licp^mt tl)e faine, but unber another Xitle, to 
tlje great p^ejubice anb bifcouragenient of tlje faib John Seller, mt ttjerefoje 
tafcing tlje fame into ^ut i^jinctlv Cor.fiDcration.anb tninbing ttit g?eat ufcfnt 
nefs of tljis £Jillo?lt, Ijabe tljougljt fit, (oi Ijis future encouragement, Derebp m 
aeclare Out i&icafure, anb actojbinglp ©ae bo bp tljefe pjefents ftrittip pnotiibit 
anb fojbib all £)ur ^ubietts, ibitljm slDur Bmgboms of Great Britain anb ire< 
land, to Copp, €pitomi5e, 0? aRep?int tlje faib Xreatifes of /Fiabigation, [€nti* 
fttleb tlie En?iifh Pilot, anb tl)e Sea Atlas] in Volyolt ox in part, o? unber anp otfjet 
jJi5ame o? XntletbtjatCocbftiC? to Copp o? Counterfeit anp of tl)c spaps,0lats> 
o?Cl)artst^at0;all be in tlje faib Xreatifes, ibitOm tDe term of tljirtp pears 
iicrt enfuing tl)c bate of tljefe ^^efents, iDttljout ttje tonfent anb approbation of 
fjim tlje faib John Seller, tjis i?eirs, Crccuto?s oi :affigns : :anb tbat no fuel) 
asooks, #aps. Charts o? i^iats, oj anp ?aart o; Copp tfjereof, be impo^teb 
from beponb t^e S)eas, eitljer unber tlje ^Itiame of Dutch Waggoners, o;t Light- 
ning Columes, oj unber anp otljer ^m\t ibljatfocber, burmg tlje faib term of 
tftirtp pears, 31S tlje i&erfons offenbing ibiil anfVber tl)e tontrarp, not oitlp bp 
tlje forfeiture of tl)e faib BoottS, ^lats, Cljarts, o? ^aps, but at tlieir utmoft 
peril: toUjereof astbelltljemarbcns anb Companp of Stationers of £)nr Ci^^ 
tpof London ; 3(sallanb finguiar our £)fficcts of £)ur cuaoms in our^ojt 
of London, or anp otijer ^lace tt)itl)in £)ur 20ominions ; Zm all otJ)er £>nt lo= 
bing Subjects, Ibl^om it map concern, are to tanc particular notice, tOat bue 
obebimce be gibcn to tljis £>m ISopal Commanb accorbinglp. (Biben unber dDuf 
S)ignet anb ^tgn fl^atmel, at ^ur Court at Whitehall, tlje zv^ bap of March, 
i6f„ m t^e 2}* pear of C)ur iSetgn. 

By HisMajefties Command. 


CLrt (f/frc ^lcrff,Sc^ _____ _ _ -___ 




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I la-i!Oiit riJcccif .___--_ ^ _ ----- IJ\ 

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//ozfftiiti /lat^itja/i^/r . - - - - - ^ _ 74 

ihtiv Ue£a^x^ — - " " " / 

/ft dec 



oa \ Book of 


DefcriLema, the Sea Coalts Capes 
iJeadlancL Sands Skoals Rocks and Dangerv ' 
Ut Bayes Roads Haibois Riveis njid Ports ui 
niofl of tlie Luowiie parf; oi tke 

U^ O R L D 

With tie tiiie Courier and durances from one 
place to anot lei Gathered fiom the latell and 
baft Difcoverye 1 a have hui inade hy divei i 
Able and ILxOci let ed Navigjators of cm E iglifh 
Nation Acconio la id with an Hydi o^i apki'-all 
Delcijpn noii'ie -whole 'World 
£t J'jhn Seller 
Jiidrc^ra2iher tnjf Kinoi mojl S'vcs bnt Jiaje/lu 
\ , ^ndare to he So'il! ^ km at the h' i mitye Stair 
V- mliJaiJj.inj and u hi<. Sho-p m S-- Jhattge illei/ 

^ •A''f« he Royall exchange ' ' ^ 

* I 1 ondon 
Ci itij n il'gin 



-(4W-^-<>— «.5-r 



S E A A T L A S 


^n Hydros/aphical Defcviption of the S e a -C o a s t s ofmojl of the 
krio-^n Tans of the WORLD. 

On the South fide, between the Coafts of Eiigland 
and France, called the Channel, are "Dover, Cbichefier, 
Purtjmoiith, Weymouth, Plymouth, aniDartmouth. 

On the Weft fide, over againft the Coafts of Ireland, 
in that violent and turbulent Sea, called St. George his 
Channel, are BriJIol, Pembrotk^, or M;//brrf-Haven, Che- 
fler, Leverj/Qol, Carltjle, &c. 

The Mand (efpeciaUy England) yeelding abundant 
plenty of Corn and Cattel, befides other Commodi- 
ties, as Lead, Tin, Iron, Sca-colc, Saffron, WooU, 
Cloth, Licorilh, Mill-flones, and other rich Merchan- 
dize ; multitude of Ships being continually in the 
Ports, ferving cither to export her own, or to import 
other Commodities from mod places of the World in 
lieu thereof. 

On the Coafts of Ireland, arc Ktioclcfarguf, Dublin, Iidand; 
Waterford, ¥,.ing-file, Limrick,, Galloaay, &c. Prin- 
cipally abounding in Cattel, from whence great num- 
bers are yearly exported into other Countreys. 

Pafllng on northerly, juft under the Artick-Circlc, 
lyeth environed, by the Northern Ocean, or A/are Xfchnd; 
Glactalt, I [eland, or rather Iceland, firft difcovered by 
one 'Naddoc a Pyrat, who by a Tempcft was driven to 
the Shores of this Countrey ; which aftcrv^ards, from 
the coldncfs and ftore of Ice there continually found, 
was fo named, and firft inhabited by the 'Horvegians, 
now under the power of the King of "Demmrk^ ., a place 
frequented by 'Danes, Englifh, High and Low Dutch, 
and B'fiainers, where in exchange of Bisket, Beer, 
Iron, Copper, Cloth, and fomc other Wares they 
bring from thence, Stosk-fifti, and other forts of Filh, 
Tram-Oyl, Skins of Foxes and other Bcafts, Sulphur, 
and a fort of courfc Cloth, and Stockings, called H'ad- 

The Ports mod frequented, are Strom, IVarlofwick^, 
KebbelwicK, ^ujland, Orbaacl^, Hola, znd Haffenford ; 
near unto which ftandcth helleftede, the Rcfidencc of 
the Go\crnour, a Dwelling futable enough to the man- 
ner and fadiion of this Countrey . 
I North-eaft from hence, in the Latitude of 76 and 


Hat whole Mafs of Waters 
which maketh up one part of 
this Terrcftrial Globe, and is 
fometimes, as it were, envi- 
roned with the Earth, as in 
Rivers, Streights, and fmallcr 
Seas ; fometimes dilating it 
felf into larger Floods, doth 
encompafs the Earth, as in 
the Ocean or greater Seas, may be conveniently di- 
vided, fomewnat according to the four general Regi- 
ons or Divifions of the Earth, into fom: parts : The 
North Sea, or Mar del Noort, comprehcndcth all thofe 
Waters which, from the Polc-Artick even unto the 
Equator, do wafli the Shores of Europe, Africa, and 
America : The Ethtopiaii Sea , or Mar H' Ethiopia, 
whioli from the Equinoftial Line northerly, the Shores 
of Ethiopia on the Eaft, and the Coafts of America on 
the Weft part, runneth with unknown bounds towards 
the Antartick Pole. The Indian Sea, or Mar d' In- 
dia, bounded on the Weft with the Oriental Parts of 
Africa; on the North, by the South Coafts of A[iai 
and curcumvironing all the Idands of the Eaft-India, as 
far as IJlas de Laihonas, and Nava Guinea, hath its 
South parts tending towards the Antartick Pole, not 
yet difcovered. The South Sea, called alfo Mar del 
Z^ir, or Mare Pacificum, runneth all along the Weftem 
Shores of America on the one fide ; is contiguate 
with the Indian Sea on the other, but hath yet found 
no limits towards the Artick or Antartick Poles. 
Which general divifion of the Ocean, fo far as conve- 
niency may admit in the fucceeding breviary Defcrip- 
tionof theSca-Coafts, diall be obfcn'ed. 

The Coads of thofe two famous Idands of Great 
Britain and Ireland, are the fird that difcover thcm^ 
felves to us, out of this Northern Divifion of the 
Ocean : The firft whereof is not without caufe cftccm- 
cd the Metiopolitan Ifiand of Europe, I will fay (ta- 
ken in all refpefts) of the World -, It is attended by 
many lefler Idands, the chief whereof are Tbanet, 

Wight, Silly, Aiiglejey, Man, Lewii, the Hebrides, \'&o, lycth Greenland, or King 7am« his Nl.. , 

Orknay, Shotland, and Far : Stored with plenty of j firft found out by Sir Hugi U'lllowby, inthcyear 1553.'"° 
Ports, Bays, Rivers, Roads, and Harbours, capable (though the Dutch men affirm it to be difcovered firft 
to receive Ships of great Burthen ; amongft which | by "Jacob Hemikfrk,, ll-illiam Barrentjon, and John Cor- 
London accounted the Mart of Chriftendom, the Me- 1 nelins }{ip. Anno 1 596.) which whether it bv an Idand 

or contiguate with the main Continent of Groenland, 
or fome other Northern Region, none have liitherto 

tropolis of Great Britain, conveniently feated on the 
River of Thames, hath the chiefeft note. 

Next unto which, on the Eaft fide northerly, by the 
German Ocean, arc Harmch, Yarmouth, Lin, Kington 
upon Hull, Netv-caflle, a gallant Haven, ftmous for 
its inexhauftable Cole-Mines, and Edenburgb and 2>an- 
deeia Scotland, &c. 


The Inland parts are doted with great numbers of 

Bears, Deer, Foxes, and fuch like Creatures -, and 

the Sea-diores with multitude of Morfes and Whales 

of iflcredible magnitude -, for the catching whereof,- 

B ths 

XDc &ta-'Ztia^, 

tHe Inhabitants of moft Sea-Ports in the Notthcrn 
Ocean doufually make their yearly Voyages. 

Not for from hence heth Bear IJland, or rather 

Cherry cherry IJknii, fo named from Sir francii Cherry Mcr- 

*"""'• chant,\vho was at the charge of the difcovcry thereof, 

whither rcfort great number of Sea-Horfes or Morfcsj 

and Whales ; the Mofcovy Company once making 

great profit of the trade therein. 

Thirty degrees to the South-eaftward hereof, is the 
•Nova Idand of JS^ova Zsmla, feparatcd from tlie North 
Zcmla. Continent of li"JJ'-, by the Strcights of l^aigati, al ias 
f return Burroughs through which fo many brave and 
xi p worthy Navigators have attempted to find a palTage 
Viia-i '"fo S<ythia ind China ,■ but being obftrufted by tlie 
" ' abundance of Ice met with in thofe Seas, could yet 
difcovcr no farther eaftwards than the great River Oiy, 
7„jjri- flit^ North-weft confine of the Kingdom of Ic.rtarm-, 
an Sea. tliough it hath been often reported by the Sarmed Tar- 
tan., Hujlei, and others that have travelled tliofc 
Countries by Land, tliat the Tartarian Seas do at cer- 
tain feifohs of the year lie open, and free from fuch 
Rurtii. ^" return therefore by the known Parts of I{i'Jfia, 
the Po:t J and Places whereof, worthy obfcrv<ation, and 
moft ficnuented, are, firft Pei^ora lieca, the Ille ct 
Col^oyti, fit\iate at the mouth of a great Bay, whence 
compafling (afe Candenoer, there is the entrance into 
White- the White-Sea, or Bay of St. Nicholas, which Mailer 
5"- KjihariU'tanceller, inthc Kjchard-Bonaventure, h&M- 
covered, and fetled a Trade with the Jihfcovitei, or 
Tiujfei, at the Town of St. Nicholas, a well known 
Port, lituate at the influx of the River Duma, into 
thcBay. ButSt. Af«W', on the Sea-fidc, common- 
ly called Arch- Angel, is the Town of greatcft Trade, 
efpccially by the liiigUfi, who have of late there fixed 
their Staple. 

The principal Commodities they fend abroad, are 
Rich Furs, Hemp, Flax, Filli, Train 0;,i, Koncy, 
Wax, Pitch, Roiin, and the like; rccei\iiig in :j- 
turn, Cloth, Silk, Tapftery, and fome other Mer- 
Ijfland. Without this Bay, on the Coaft of ia/i/aW, Fiti 
xarli^, md Normay, itel\ola, Hegor, (ncai unto wMch 
Sir Hugh Wihughby, with his Company, in the Bon 
'Tfperan^a, attempting firft the difcovcry of unloiown 
Places in this Icy Sea, vfcrc frozen to death) next are 
Wariiboiife, and the North- Cafe, fo called, becaufe it is 
the out-moft Northern Bound of the Continent of 
M , . "Drotiten, in the Latin Nidrofia, fo called, from the 
'' River Nider, on which it is feated •, antiently the Me- 
tiopolis of Norway, but fincc the fubjcdion of this 
Countrey to the lianes, reduced to a Burrough. Ber- 
gen the principal Town of this Countrey, the ordina- 
ry Refidence of the GovcrnOur for the Kings of Oen- 
wiaik ; ftrongly fcituate amongft high Mountains, at 
the bottom of a deep Creek or Arm of the German 
Ocean, called Carmfunt, a fafe and noted Port, much 
lefortcd to by Merchants of moft European Nations, 
brlngliig thither Com, Bread, Beer, Wine, and Bran- 
dy, to fupply the natural wants and dcfefts hereof -, 
and in exchange tranfporting Fifli, Furrs, Boards, 
Cordage, Mafts, and other Materials for Shipping. 
Then Longfound, Anjloo, Aiaeiflrand, and Gottenburgh, 
noted for the multitude of Herrings thereabout. 
. Not far from hence is the entrance into the Bahick- 

Sca, which beginneth at the narrow Paflage called the 
Sdnd. Sound, and interlacing the Countries of Denmar^^, 
Swedland, Poland, and Germany, extending even to 
Livonia and Lithuania. The Mands whereof are many 
ia number, the chief are, 2^ealand, Funen, Langeland, 
Laland, Falflre, jllfen, Meun, l{agen, Bornholm, Oe- 
™"''" land, Gothland, OJet, Dageroort, ^nert, and Hooge- 

The cdlief Pol-ts and Places of note bordering on 
the Sea, nveEl/enore, ftrongly feated on that narrow 
Strcight,or Frctum, not above a Dutch mile in breadth, 
commonly called by the name of the Sound ; Over a- 
gainft which, on the other fide,is Eljengburgh, a ftreii^ht 
through which all Ships that have .iny trading to or 
from the Baltick-Sca, muft of ncce'ftity tike their 
courfe, all other Paflages being either barred up with 
impSftable Rocks, or otherwife prohibited by the Kings 
of Den'/iark^ , upon forfeiture of all their Goods. Co- 
penhagen, or Haven of Merchants, placed by the Sea 
in the fame Ifland of Zealand, being a convenient 
Port ; This and the magnificent Caftle of Cronenburgh 
near ElJenore,he'm^ the eonftant Refidence of the Kings 
ot Itenmart^. 

The next are Slesbourgh, Elholm, Calmar, Z.nidder- 5,^,jjj_ 
coppcn, Nordcoppen, Nycoppen, Stockholm, the Metro- |a„d. 
polls and chief trading Port o£ Srvedland, and a place 
wortliy obfervation for Merchandize ; exceeding 
ftrong, both by Art and Nature, being fituate ir\ 
the Mariflies, like t^enice at the Mouth of the Lake, or 
River Meier ; the paffage to it out of the Bay being 
very narrow, and yet fo deep withal, that the great- 
.'ft Ships of burthen may fayl up to the City ; the 
Port within the Srcight being fo fafe and capacious, 
that it is able at one tune to receive 300 Sayl, which 
ufually ride theic without Anchor. 

Next, Up/at, an Arch-Biiliops Sea and Univcrfity, 
placed not far from the Bay of Bodnar, called alio 
Sinus Bodicui, or the North Bottom, a long and not North- 
much frequented Sea, which from the Latitude of 60, Bottom, 
extends it felf even to the Corfts of Lapland and Fin- 

Places of note are few worthy obfcrvation,the chief 
Birl-ara in M^efi Bodden, betwixt the Bay and a great 
navigable Lake : Toroma the bcft place of Trade,feat- 
ed at the very bottom of the Bay in North Bodden : 
Heljingeliac more North than that, towards the Bor- 
ders oi Lapland: l^rlabi in £a^ Bodden, on the Bank 
of the Gult,conveniently feated fora Town of Trade. 
The Countrey is but barely ftored with Grain and 
Fruits,but full of great variety of WUd Beafts,whofe 
Rich Fuiii yccli great profit to the Inhabitants ; and 
by reafon of the commodious fituation on all fides of 
the Bay, well ftored with Fifli. 

At the South-caft part of this Bay is the Ifiand 
Erk, near to the Town Aboo, from whence all alongft: 
the Shores Eaftward, on the South fide of F!nland,the 
Coaft is exceeding dangerous, and for the moft part 
innavigable, becaufe of the innumerable multitude of 
Mands, Shoals, and Rocks, the greatcft of which is 
called the Felting, even as far as IVyborg, a Town 
conveniently feated at the bottom of the Bay or Gulf 
of t inland, oMedSinm Fmniens. Over againft which 
is Narva, on the North Bank of 'Suina, where it falls 
into the Bay of Finland, the only place of Trade, in- LieflanT 
to Mofcovia or Hujfia, through the Baltteli. 

Jie-vel a well traded Port, fituate in the fame Bay, 
which together with It'yborg and the Narve, arc now 
in the poffeffion of the KmgoiSwedland. 

The next Port of note is Riga, a famous Empory, PolaiiC* 
of great refort for Forrcign Merchants ; who carry 
hence Pitch, Wax, Hemp, Flax, and fuch othct 

BflHr^;c/-,feated on the Ueyffel,Ceconi of the Hanfc- 
Towns, of fo great Trade, fuch a noted Granary for 
all forts of Corn, iffued from thence to fupply the 
want of other Countreys, that 1000 meafures of 
Wheat ( bcfides all other Commodities proportiona- 
ble ) are here daily fold. 

Stetin once a poor Fi(her-Town, now the Metropo- 
lis of Pomeren. p 
iJ/raf^Bt/ a Town of much Trading, and great re- 

XI) e 5)eaatlas. 

fort, figure on the Bahick^, oppofite to the lUe of 

Ka^ock next in reputation of all the Hanfe-Towns, to 
Luliick and l)mt^icL; large, rich, and much frequented 
by all forts of Merchants. 

Wifmar!iniLubect, feated on the confluence of the 
Travc and B(7/ore, near the fall thereof into the Baltid; 
a River capable of Ships of i ooo tuns, which common- 
ly they unlade at Travemond, the Port Town of the Ci- 
ty, a little lower nearer the Sea, an enfranchized Town 
being the principal among the Hanfe-Towns. 
Jutland. O" 'fic Coafts of'mg a Peninfula.between 
the Ba/(ic^Sea and Geiman Ocean on the call parts, 
whereof there is anotlier paflage into the haltick^ Sea, 
Belt: called the Bfft, but not fo much frequented as the 
Sounds formerly fpoken of. 

The chief Towns and Places are Flenhorg, havmg a 
Port fo deep, fo fafe, and fo commodious, that they 
may lade and unlade their great Ships in a manner dofe 
by their Hoiifes. 

The other arc /^/ad'cr/?;!/!;, Sternberg, Slefmck, JFf- 
btir^t andOderi/ec in Funerit ^rh'/Jen, aadSchagerit the 
molt northerly point of Jutland. 

On the Coaii of Germany, contiguate with the Oce- 
Ham- au, are firft Hamburgh-, on the Bill, where it falls in- 
burgh. to the £/t/«, one of the Hanfe-Towns alfoi having, by 
report, as many great Ships as fayl upon the Ocean, 
which great piofit,befides the refort of Merchants 
frommoft places. It was fometimes the Staple Town 
for the Cloth of England i on fome difcontent remo- 
ved Irom thence to Stadt, a little nearer the Sea, on the 
fame River ; from thence afterwards to Holland. 

Next Bremen, feated on the broad and navigable Ri- 
ver Wcfer, whence comes ftore of Linnen Cloth, called 
from a Town not far thence Ofenbridge. 

Then Emdin, a good Haven, and well traded Town, 
which yearly fends out 700 Buffes for the Herring.fiihing 
on the Coalfs of England. 

Alongit the Shores, for die rao 11 part, belonging to 
Eolland. the States of Holland, lie feveral Wands, the chief 
whereof are yimeland. Schilling, Holland, Fly-land, 
Texel, n'crin^en, room, rfelmand, Overflaccee, Schowen, 
Duveland, Tertolen^ 'North-V,p.verland^South-V,everland. 
and Walcheren. 

The chief Forts and Places, are Amfierdam, a very 
fair Haven, fituate on the Gull, called the Tj-c, and the 
Channel, or Dike Amjlel, whence jimflerdam, built on 
riles \ike Venice, and much rcfeniblingit both in Trade 
and other Things ; a place ftored with multitude of 
Clipping, inhabited by Men of all Nations, and of all 
Religions : Grown Famous, and exceeding Wealthy, 
fluce the diverting of the Trade from Antwerp hither. 

Horn, lincbutjen, on the very Point of the Gult of 
Zuider-Z^e, oppofite to Frie:{eland, AIcdembhc\, Scbei- 
dam, Delf-haven, Rotterdam, on a Channel named the 
Hotter, not far from which the Lcck, one of the three 
main Branches oiiht 7{hine, falleth into tlie Mae/, a 
ffrong, fair, and well-traded Port. 

The Br/// in the Ifland Voorn, once Cautionary to the 
Englifi, with the Town of Flijhing. hergen ap Z^me, 
fo called from the River 2^me, on which it is (ituate, 
about half a league from the influx of it into the Scheld, 
and not far from the Sea, which gives it a reafonable 
good Haven. 

Jntnerj) fituate on the Scheld, feventeen leagues 
from the Sea, of fo great Trade in former times, that 
it was held to be the richeft Empory of the Chriftian 
World i the Commodities here Bought and Sold a- 
mountiug to more in one month, than thofe of Venice 
in two years; thecaufe whereof was, that the Por/wa/r 
di\ erting the Alexandrian and Venetian Trade to Lisbon, 
kept here their Faftories, and fent hither tlieir Spices, 
and Indian Commodities, now almoft removed by the 

Hollander to Amjlerdam; Uiddlehurg, Flujhmg. the e, , 
Key of the Netherlands; Ojlend. Nerviort, Dunkjrck, ""• 
Graveling, the laft of Flanders. 

On the Coaft of France, alongft the EngUJh Chan- Francs; 
nel, are firft ^o/?;« at the very entrance ; Djt/iaTowQ 
of Trade efpecially for ibeNen^found-land, Newhaven, 
or Haverdegrace, on the Mouth of the River 5fw, be- 
twLxt whicn, and St. Maloes, clofe by the Ha?-poiiit, 
over againff the /Jle of Wight m England,\ye:h the Illauds 
Aldernay, (or as the French, Aurney) Jerfey, Guernfey. 
belong to the Crown of England, and feveral other 
fmaller Illands, ftoarcd with plenty of Syder, and 
fine Wooll, whereof they knit flore of Stockings and 

St. Makes, Morlaii, vjhant, Brefl, feated on a 
(pacious Bay of the Weftern Ocean, the Key and Bul- 
wark of hretaign, and the goodliefl Harbour of all 

Croip, a little Haven at the Mouth of theiwV, not 
far below Nants, whence ftore of the beft and mofl no- 
ted Brandy, 

Hochel a Town feated in the inner part of a fair and 
capaciotis Bay, affured by two ffrong Forts, betwixc 
which there is fcarce more fpace than for a Ship to come 
inatonce; Over againft which lyeth O/mn, an Mantl 
yeeldinggreatquantity of Salt, in fpecial fame for tliac 
the Mantine Laws, which for near joo years, have ge- 
nerally been received by all the States of the Chriiliaa 
World which frequent the Ocean, for regulating Sea 
Affairs, and deciding of Maritine Controverfies, were 
declared and cftablifhed here. The Ifland being theii 
in poffeflioii of the Englifh, from thence named the 
Laws of Oleron : So powerful were the Kings of £17^- 
land in former times to give Laws to all that traded on 
the Ocean. 

Burdeaux feated on the Garond, not far from the Sea, 
much frequented by Englifi and "Butch for Gafcoigtt 
Wines ; hayon the lall of France on this part of the 

On the Coaftof j'^a/a, St. Scbafiian, a noted and Spain; 
well-traded Port, at the Mouth of the River Gnrvineo, 
beautified with a fair and capacious Haven, defended 
wirh two ftrong Caflles founded on two oppofite 

Bilbao fituate fome two leagues from the Sea, on a 
fair and deep Creek thereof; this ( and indeed all the 
Coaft of hiftay) ftored with fuch infinite quantities of Bifcsy; 
Iron and Steel, that no Countrey yeeldeth better, or 
in greater plenty, called for this caufe the Armory of 
Sjiam i exceedingly enriched by making of Armourj 
and all forts of Weapons^ tlieir chief Manufafljre, the ' 
Bilbao Blades, in fuch requeft, being brought froni 
thence, befides great quantities of Wooll hence tranf- 

Corunna, by us called the Groin, often mentioned in 
our (lory of the Wars with the Spaniard, in Queen £- 
li^abeths time taken by the Englifi, not far from the 
Promontorie or Cape, called Fims Terrx, or Cape de Cape Fi-' 
Finis lerre, being the moft weftern end of the then ""sTct- 
known World. 'a:. 

Bayon, not far from the Mouth of the River Minia, 
full of Red Lead, (from hence called by the Latins 
Minium) navigable With fmall Vetfels 100 miles. 

Porto Duero, or Porto Port, at the Mouth of the Ri- potlxin.4 
ver "Buero in the Kingdom of Portugal. 

Lisbon, upon the great River Tagus, a fainous City 
for Traffick ; the Portagals in all their Navigations fet- 
ting fail from heuce. Tis conveniently feated fot' 
Shipping,and (excepting the Court which is htirekept) 
inhabited chiefly by Mariners and Merchants, which 
of their own Countrey growth, trade in Honey, Wine, 
Oyl,Allura,Fruits,Salr,S£. and from B«^i/ia America, 
with great quantities of beft and fineft Sugar,and many 
forts of Drugs. B* rf««W 


%l)c ^ta^Ztias. 

Setubal or St. «vcs. South of Liibm, fiuate on a 
Gulf of twenty miles in length, and three in breadth; 
a place of principal importance next to Lisbon. 

Not far to the North-weft of Cape r,„cent, there are 
certain Mauds called the ylvrei, in the yillantick Ocean, 
iubica to the Crown o[ Portugal, and oppofite to the 
City of Listoni from which diftant is° leagues, fi- 
tuate between 38 and 40 degrees of North Latitude, 
and one of them in the firll longitude, which is com- 
monly reckoned from thefe Iflands, as being the moft 
weftern part of the World, before the dilcovery of 
Atorc. jjmema : They were fo called from /^^or in the S^a- 
nijh Tongue, fignifying a Godiauk, bccaute multitudes 
were there at firlt found i The names are thefe, Tenera, 
St. Mtthaels, Fyal, Gratiofi, St. George, Pico, forw, 
Florcr, and St. Marici; nioft of them ftored with 
^f*""' Flelh, Fith, andafortofWinenotverygood, nordu- 
rable. Butthe chief Commodity they (cud out,is VVoad 
for the u(e of Dyers. 

St. Lucar the Port Town of Sevil, at the Mouth of 
the River Betn, orGuai/a/^uiver, where the ll'e/l-India 
Ships many times ndc. 

Cafli^ or Garfw, fituate on a large Bay, and ferving 
as a Road for the Jnriiaa Fleet; by reafon whereof, 
and the great refort of Forreign Merchants, it is much 
enriched : 'Tis the chief Port and Magazine of Spam, 
taken notwithftandingiuoneday by the Enolijh, under 
the command of the Lord Effingham, theLarlof £^a-, 
and Sir Walter T{akigh 1 the Town, Ships, and all be- 
coming a prey to the Englijh. 

Near to this place is that fo celebrated Streighr, cal- 
led Fretiim Herculeum, or GaHitanum, now the Streights 
Gibrahci ol Gibraller, from a place (o called on the brink here- 
of, being in lengrh fifteen miles, and in breadth feven, 
where it is narroweff, being the Inlet or PafTage from 
the Allantick-Ocean, into the Mediterranean Sea. 

dance of Silk, that it is the opinion there ate 1 8000 per- 
fons in that only City imployed in ordering and working 

Livoriio, or Legorn, feated on the influ.\ of the Ri- Inly, 
ver Arm, fo well fortified, that it is thought to be one 
of the ftrongeft Cities in Chrillendom. To the South- 
Well whereof, in the Ligurian Sea, lye the Iflands 
Corfca and Sardinia; the (irll fubje(5t to the State ot^'"'!'-'^- 
Genoa, the latter to the Kingdom of Spam 1 aboiindi[ig ^"'''"'^' 
in pleafant Wines, Oyl, Ohve, Maft ick.Sulphur, Albm, 
Wax, and Honey. 

Ellia an Ifland between Corjica ]and the Main, pro- 
ducing Load-ftoncs of a gray colour, but none of the 

Cwila recbia the onely ufeful Haven that belongeth 
to J^me. 

Tarracina, or the Bay of Mola, and Port Ojiia at 
the Mouth of Tyber,fc^rcc making up one good ffaven. 

Naples the Metropolis of the Kingdom i a beautiful Naples. 
City (eated on the Sea-flioar, and fortified with four 
(Irong Caftles. This, and indeed all the Parts of Italy 
generally, .iboundingwith all forts of Silk, Cloth of 
Gold and Silver, made by the People without fr.aud,be- 
caufe of a ftridl prohibition for the Adulteration of the 
Threads ; Tapeftry, Skins bravely gilded ; Earthen 
VelTelsmoftcuiiouiiy wrought with Images and Coats 
of Arms; Oyl Oliveof the beft fort ; Saffron, A Icher- 
mcs, Allom, Sulphur, Vitriol, Alabafter, Rice, Mar- 
ble, Wines, and Fruits of all forts. 

J{egium, or/^f^o, on the Sea-diore, oppofite to 2l-/f/^ 
fina in Sicilia, which is fuppofed to have been broken off 
from the Coaft of Italy, a place heretofore \eiy well 
traded, but fince fired by the Turks, kft alniolt defo- 
Siciliaiii Wand feparated from the Main Land of Ila Sicilia. 
, by the Strait or Fare of Meffina, where the PafTage 
fo narrow, that it exceeds not in breadth a mile and a 

The Mediterranean Sea, within which the places 
moll obfervable are, Malaga, a flrong place, and an I half, and (bund, by diligent/ounding, not above eighi 
Arinory for the King of Spain 1 exceeding great in fathom deep ;' full of dangerous Rocks and WhiJle. 

Traffiik, and of much refort, efpecially for Wines, Ra- 
fin;, Almonds, efc . 

Almeria, Carthagena, fituate in a demy Ifland in the 
very jaws of the Mediterranean, having o good 
capacious Haven. 

jllicant a noted Port and much u(ed, whence our 
true yilicant Wines, made of the Juyce of Mulberries 

Valencia, a fair, pleafant, and well-traded City. Tar- 
ragona, Bareellona. 

The Goods and Merchandize on this fide of Spain 
being generally Corn, Wine, Oyl i all forts of Fruit; 
Salt, Corral ; feveral forts of Drugs and Stones, I3c. 

Over again(lrafo(C;'fl lie feveral Iflands, thebiggeft 
, , . whereof are Majorca, the chief Town whereof is fo 
Mjjoio. j^jj^j,j pf jjjg Ifland, yeelding lufficient quantity of 
Corn, Oyl, Wine, and Fruits. 

Minorca having three fair Harbours, Maon,TerneJJiis, 
" and Minorca ; afruittnl Ifland, breeding great Heards 
of Cartel, and Mules of the largeft fize in Spain. 

Tvica, the Inhabitantswhcteof make great ftore of 
Salt, wherewith they furnifli, in part, not onely Spam, 
but Italy alfo. 

Next, on the Coaft of France^ are Narbm, Aries, 
Marcelles, iniTboloun. 

The Commodities fent from the Coafts of France.on 
the Meditterranean, are Corn, Wine, Oyl, Salt, Woad, 
Alkermes, or Grain d' Efcarlate, Saffron, Rafins, Figs, 
Olixes, Almonds, Prunes, Capers, eJe. 

t^iSa Frank, and Savona, belonging to the State of 

Genoa the principal Empory, next femce, of all 
Italy, having a fafe and commodious Haven : The 
Countrey Commodities are ( befides their Fruits which 
here ate excellent) Oyl, Paper, Wines, audfuchabun- 



pools: as namely farj'Wu, aGulf on 3'/o7(a (ide, vio- 
lently attraiSing aU VefTcIs coming nigh to it, and de- 
vours them i oppofite whereunto (lands that dangerous 
Roclt S^yll^, at the foot of which many little Rocks 
(hoot out, thefe two being the occafion of many fabu- 
lous Stories. In the other parts where the Sea opens, it 
is 5 00 miles over, fuppofed to have been once a Penin- 
fula, afterwards feparated from Italy by the fury of the 
Waves, or violence of (ome Earth-quakes, which are 
there frequent. The Ifland is fo plentifully flored 
with Corn, that it heretofore obtained the naiiieof the 
Granary 01 florehoufe of J^me, and doth ftill furnifli, 
not only many parts of Italy, but Spam, Barbary, Mal- 
ta, and the adjaceut Ifles; the other Cominodities are 
much like thofe of Italy, in great plenty. 

In this Countrey is the Hill Hybla, fo famous for 
Bees and Honey ; the Mountains Aitna, now Mont- 
gibel, which continually fends forth fmoak and flames 
of fire, to the aftonifliment of beholders. 

The chief places are Syracufe, or Sarajufa, once 
the Metiopolis of the Ifland ; very ftrong both by Sea 
and Land, with a beautiful and commodious Port, of 
greateft Trade, to Carthage in antient times, now 
both deftroyed. 

Now, Augujla, Gergenio, Palermo, Trapani, and 
MeJJina, a Port and City of great fttength and beauty ; 
peopled by the wealthieft fort of Merchants and Gen- 
tlemen i having a flrong and high Cittadel, well garri- 
foned, and a Lanthornwitli lights kept burning for di- 
rcftion of Mariners. 

Sixty miles to the fouthward of Sicilia, towards the 
African Shores, lyeth Malta, an Ifland famous for the Malta, 
ftiipwrack of Pauh defended by the Knights of "Jeru. 
falem removed hither ; it is wholly fituate ou 3 Rock, 


■3Zl)t ^ta-Ztias, 

ot Vcn 


having not above three foot depth of Eatth, and cou- 
fequeucly of no great fertility, the want of which is fup- 
plyed by the plenty of Sicilia, 

To return therefore to the Coaft of Italy, by the 
Capes Sparliventi, C^mvc, and St. Mariis, near un- 
to which ii Ga//;))!?//, noted lor the excellent Oyl com- 
ing tmm thence. 

Not far from whence is ^a/ie Otranto, the entrance iu- 
1^^ to the Mriaticl^ Sea, or Gulf oif^tnice, and the firfl 
Town of note therein is SrW//?, ot Brtmdufium, once 
glorying in the moft capacious Haven of the World. 
Whence I'ompey and C^far took fliiping with their 
Hects, theonetotiy, [lieothertopurfue; atthistime 
a mean Town, the Haven being fo choked up, that a 
Galley can hardly enter. 

Next Bara, Ortona, Ancona, having a fair Haven, 
not fo capacious, as exceeding pleafant and beautitul. 

Vefara, 7{avenna, and in the top of the yldnattck, 
Feiiice, ftauding upon feventy two little lllets, bui 
joyned together by many Bridges, which are faid to be 
4000 at the lealh befides 1 0000 Boats for paffage fron> 
llle to llle i a (Irong, beautiful, and famous City, once 
the n-.olt illultrious Empory of the World, but much 
decayed in its Trade lince the Paflfage by Sea was found 
to Ferjia and Iiiaia by C^jte boti Effirance, 

On the Hiflrian and 'Dalmatian fide of the Adriatick,, 
are thele places and Sea-ports obfervable, Trieji, or Ter- 
gefum, whence the Bay adjoyning is (o called; 2^ra 
jn •Halmalia, enjoying a (ale a[id large Port belonguig 
to the State of Vtnke, Sebenico^ Sj/alato, Narento, 
Cattaro, at the bottom of the Gulf fo called. 

On the Coalt of Greece, over againft Otranto in Italy, 
WtAxCelhna, a Pott Town, fortified with a fliong Ca- 

Farther into the Jonian Sea lie feveral Iflands, firfl 
Corf", fuHiciently fruitful, butof Wineefpecially. 

Caphaloriia and ^nt, Iflands abounding in Oyl and 
Wine, but efpecially in Currants, which is the gteatefl 
trade of thele Iflands. 

Larta, on the Giecian Shore, in a Gulf, fo called, 
near the ancient Amhracia, the Regal Seat of King I'yr- 
ri;«;near iHitowliich isthellleof St. Maarc, inhabited 
cbicfly by ]ews ; a little lower than which is the Gulf of 
Corinth, c^WeA Lejianto, f torn two Caftles built on each 
fide the entrance thereof, cal led Callelli de Lepanto.mide 
faiiious by the memorable Sea fight of the Tiiiks and 

I'elepncfui, nowMorea, a Peninfula joyned to the 
Continent by a little neck of Land or IJlmus, X Co- 
rinth, fix miles over in breadth i the pleafantellCouu- 
trcy of all Grcecet abounding with all things neceflaty 
for life, now in pofleffion of the Turks; and though 
no place hath fuffeied more mine than this, yet it is 
itill the mofl populous of all Greece, The chief places 
are, Medon, or hiethone, feated on the mofl fouthein 
part of the Peninfula s a fttong, fafe, and convenient 

Coron the chief Town on the Bay of MeJ/ina. 

Malvajia, autiently Epidaurus, noted tor the abun- 
dance of delicate Wines, called Malvefy, or Malmfey, 
lent hence into all parts. Nai/plia, now t^apol', giving 
name to tlie Bay fo called. 

To the South-ealt; hereof lyeth that famous Iflandof 
Creet, now Candia, from the cliief Town fo called ; 
'■ abounding heretol'ore much more than now, in Mufca- 
del Wines, Oyl, S'gar, Gums, Honey, and Fruits : 
The People formerly good Seafaring Men, fubjeft to 
l\\e.l^emiians, till much rent from them by the Turk, 
efpecially of late, by the flrong Town of Candia, fi- 
tuate on the North Coaft. 

The next places of note, whereof are l^timo and 
Canea, commodious by its Haven, called rorto del 

In and about the /Egtan Sea, lie many Hl.inds, the 
moll of note ate, Samothrace, now Samandracli : 
Ihaffus, otJaJfoi Imliriu, now Lembro, Lemnosi the 
Merchandize whereof is that Mineral Earth called Terra. 
Lemma, and Sigiltata, from the Seal or Charaaer im- 
printed on it. 

Ettbtea., now Negrofont, full of Harbours and capa- Archipc. 
cious Bays. lag,. 

Salaminir, Egina, orEngia, the Cyclades fo called, 
becaufe placed in a Circle ; called alfo the Arches, the 
chief whereof are, Dcias, Term, Andros, Naxo/, Gya- 
rcj, Pa.oi, Scyros, Uelos, Seriphm, Cbia, and feveral 
others, in number fifty three. 'iheSjiorades, becaufe 
fcattered up and down the Archipelago, in number 
' - Lallly, Cythera, now Cerigo. 


On the other fide next ^y/a, lieT«Wo/, Leibos or 
Mttilene, Cbios, Samos, Coot, Icaria, I'at/ms now Pal- 
mofa, Clarot now Calam, farpatbes, Ifjjodes, memora- 
ble in the haid and long Siege of the Turl^ before it was 

lu this mentioned Sea, on the Continent Shores of 
Greece and Thrace, are obfervable firll Athens, now 
called Setines 1 fo f amoufly heietofoie memorable, now 
an ofdiuai y Burtough. 

Next rhejfalontca, now Sahnichi, at the bottom of a 
great Bay fo called, a beautiful wealthy City, inhabited 
by rich Mercliauts of mofl Nations and Religions, who 
drive hete a great Trade. 

Abdera, yEnot, Lyfimachia, and Philippopolis, on the 
River «f«,«i. 

Selimbria, Sejlcj, a Peninfula in the Thracian Cherfo- 
ncfe, having a flrong CalUe ; oppofite to which there is 
another on the Afian Shore, called Abidos, both of them 
having tlie name of the ■Dardanelli, the Key and Block- 
hotifes of Conjianttnople, commanding the Paffage fo 
llrongly, that none may go out or iu without their li- 

But the chief glory of this Country and of all Eutope, 
is Conftaminople, feated in fo commodious a place for 
Empire, that it overlooks both iTurotc and v^/;a ; com- "'J""" 
niands not ouely the Proptntu and Boffhorm, but the 
Enxine Sea; firft called Bi^antium,novi fince the polTeffi- 
onof it by the Turks, Stamboldi, havingamoflcurious 
Hnven or Pnrr fn rniivpniently profound, that Ships of 
greatell burthen may lie at the fides thereof for receit 
and difcharge of their Lading; fo conveniently feated, 
that there is no Wind whatfoever but brings iu fome 
(hipping ; which affords a vaft trade of Merchandize 
from all parts, and of all forts. 

Beyond this is the Propantis and the Euxine, or Black Eusiue. 
Sea, or Pontiis, now lAaggiore, a very dangerous Sea, Sea. 
full of Rocks and Sands, guarded at the entrance by 
the Bctfphorus with two flrong Caftles, called the Black 

But to return again to the yC^MS Sea, by the Coails 
of Afa, the places mod worthy of notice for Trade 
arc but few, the chief Smyrna, a fair and antieut City, Smyrna.: 
on a large Bay (o named, much traded and frequented 
at this day, elpccially ("or Chainlets, Grograms, and 
fuch like Commodities, where the Englifh have a Con- 
ful refident. 

Ephefus, Halicarnajfus, Matari, Aiitioch, of no , 

great Trade. 

And at the end of the Medilerranian Se3,/llexandretia 
or Scandarone, pretty commodious for Trade, being 
the neareft Haven to Aleppo, heretofore tlic choice 
Staple for all the Eaftern Commodities brouglit to Eii' 
phrates, before the Portugal! difcoveiy of tlie Southern 
PafTage to India and Pcr{ia. 

Tyre a City in antient time of great Trade and Wealth, 
feated on a Rocky llland,the People whereof were fup- 
pofed to be the fitll that invented (hipping, now nothiug 
but a heap of rubbifli. 

e Triplisj 




%i}t 4pca^3ttlas. 

Trivolu. ovei- againft which is the JHand Cyfrm, in | Bona-ViJ/, St. iay/, ihe Ille of S^lt, -ntl Fcgo, St. 
the Sy. ian mi aiiciMSzi, abounding in Wine, Oyl, jN/cio/flf, Mayo, Si.Jcgo, and Brnw. 


of Cap: 

Corn; Sugar, Cottou. Honey, V/ooll. Tiirpentiue, 
Allom, Verdegreecc, Salt, Grograms, and other Com- 
[nodicies. c n. >, 

On the Coafti of Egypt and Varhary., are firlt AUx- 
widrm. fituate weftward of -Delta, over agaiuft the 
lile Pharos, at the Mouth ot the River Nik : exceeding 
ftrong, inhabited by men of divers Nations, as Moors, 
Tewsf Turks, Greeks, and almoft all other Nations, 
for the gain they reap by trafficking in Corn. Rice, 
Eftridge-Fcathers, Gums.Drugs, Spices, Cotten-Cloth, 
and other rich Commodities. 

Trii>o/i in Ba,liary, an ufual retreat for Pyratcs that 
iufeftthofeSeas. ,■„ ^ , 

Next Tmit, whofc Commodities arc chietiy Oyl, 
fome Corn, Figs, Dates, Almonds, and other Friiits. 

Argiers, fituate near the Sea, in the form of a Trian- 
gle, with an Haven to it, a City not fo large, as ftrong; 
andnotfoflrong as famous, for being the Receptacle 
of the T«r/; ;/!5 I'yrats, who domineer fo infinitely over 
the Mediterranean, to the great dammage of Merchants 
that frequent thofe Seas. 

Tetiian.xhe laft Town within the Straits on the African 

On the African Iliore without tlie Straits, 1) ech Tan- 
ger, near Cafe Spartel, a Town very antient, thirty 
miles dift.-.nt from the Straits Mouth ; belonging hereto- 
fore to tlie Portiigals, now to the Crown of Englaml. 
■wheic there is lately built a large and convenient Mole 
for the reception of Ships ; and a ftrong Garrifon for 
defence of the place, and againftthe iucurfion of the 

SaUee, a Town much traded formerly by Merchants 
of England, Flanders, Genoa, and Fenice, of late made 
a neil of Pyrats, as dangerous to thofe that fayl in the 
Ocean, as Argier to thole in the Mediterranean. 

Soutli-weftwards from hence are the Canaries, or for- 
tunate Ifiands, in number fcven, fo called from Caiiaiia, 
the principal thereof: The names are thefe, Canaria, 
Talma, Gomcro, Ferro, Lancerote, Tenariff, and forle- 
venttira; called Fortunate, from their fruitfuluefs and 
other excellencies, plentiful in Woadand other Com- 
modities, butefpcciallyinthoferich Wines we call Ca- 
naries; a fori, of Wine, If uutfupliillicaied, more plea- 
fingto the Pallat, and a better Remedy for the natural 
weaknefs of the Stomach, (if moderately taken) than 
any other Wine whatfoever ; brought hither in iii.h a- 
bundance to fupply our luxury, that much more than 
three thoufand Tuns hereof ate brought yearly into 
England only. 

Next Uedera, the greateft Ifland in the Atlantick- 
Sea, over againft (fa^e Camin'mlAorocco, wonderfully 
fruitful ; abounding in Madder, Sugar, Fruits, Winesj 

Not far from thence is the Ifle Porto SanBo, very 
fruitful alfo, but much annoyed by the innumerable 
multitude ot Conies that breed there. 

Atout Cape Blanco generally the Sea-Ports and Pla- 
ces, even to the farthermoft parts of Guinea, yea even 
of all Africa, were belonging to the Portugals, who 
fortified and placed Colonies in each as their trading iu- 
creafed ; as Porto de Dio, "Del l^fato, Arijitin, H^o de 
Portugiie^, or Senega, betwixt which and the River 
Cambo, is the great weftward Cape of Africa, called 
Cape l^crde , then J{io de SanBo Domingo , and J{io 
Grand, 6c. 

Now leveral of them are much ufed and frequented 
by Dutch, Euglifh, and French. The Commodities 
are chiefly Gold, Ivory, and a fort of Pepper which we 
call Guinea Pepper, ot double efficacy to the Indian, 

To the Weltwards of Capel'erde, lie the Iflands, fo 
called, being ten in number, Si. Antonio, St. Vincent, 

Here the continuance of this Difcourfe fhould have 
been broken off to ha\c took in the Northern Tis£t of 
America, as far as the Equinoctial, fo to liave compleat- 
ed this Hydrographical Defcription, according to the 
firft divilion of the Ocean ; but I thought it more con- 
venient to go forward through the remaining part of 
the Ethiopian and all the Indian Seas, alongft the Shores 
oi Africa and Afa, and liaving briefly fpoken thereof, to 
comprehend all the Weft India or America in one 

To proceed then on the CouR of A/rica: from the 
River Gawio, to the Cape of Good Hope, arethe Coafts 
of MaUgette, the Grain Coaft, Cape de Palmai, §mqua 
Coaft, the Gold Coaft, Capede trees Puntas, the Coaft 
of Benin, called alio the Byte or Gulf of St. Thomas, 
Cape Formofa ; all this whole Countrey abounding in 
Corn, Rice, Miller, excellent Fruits ; alio in Gold 
both in Sand and Ingots, Ivory, Wax, Hides, Cotton, 
Ambergteece, Bralil-Wood, Pearls ; which they truck 
lor Cloth, Woollen and Linnen, Red-Caps, Frize- Guiny. 
Mantles, Guns, Swords, Daggers, Belts, Knives, Cop- 
per-Bars, Hammers, Ax-heads, Salt, Pins, Kettles, 
Bafons, Looking-Glaffes, Beads, Tinn-Rings, and 
certain Sliells called Gories, which paffeth there iuftead 
of Money. They drive a great trade for thele faid 
Commodities with their own people, whom they fell for 
Slaves, the Kings felling their Subjeds, Parents their 
Children, and indeed all whom they can take or fur- 
prize, which are feut generally to tlie IVefi-lndia Planta- 

To the foutlnvard hereof the Ports are diver;, but lit- 
tle frequented by rhe Englilh. The Portugals conquer- 
ing and pofTefling (everal places from the weak Native 
Inhabitants, all along thofe Shores. Much thereof be- 
ing fince gotten by the Dutch, fome by iis and others i 
all which do generally abound with the ufual Merchan- 
dize of the other weilern parts of Afric\. 

Here alfo muft not be omitted the mention of fuch 
Ifles as lie in tliis part of the Ethiopian Sea, namely, St. 
Thoma, juft under the Equator, inhabited now by the 
Dutch, terdinaml de Poo, Princes IJland, Anmbon, St. 
Hellena, the ufual place of Watering in the return of 
Eajl-India Voyages, being in pofTeflion of the Englilh 
Eafl-India Company ; Afcention,z barren Ifland,where- 
unto fometimes Ships go a toriling. 

Cape de hon Efpran^a, or the Cape of Good Hope, Cjpjjf 
was firft difcovered by l^afques de Gama a Portugal, Good 
Anno 1 557. by which Difcovery, monopolizing to Hope, 
themfelves the wealthy Trade of India for a great while, 
till by one means or another communicated to others. 
The Cape confifteth of three Points or Head-lands, 
whereof that which is neareft is called as before ; the 
middlemoft, Cabofalfi, becaiifeniiftakenfor the other 
by fome of the Portugals in their return homwards ; the 
other the Cape of Needles, or Cape das hgullas, by rea- 
fon of the (harp Points it Ihoois out into the Sea. On 
the top of this Cape is a large and pleafant plain, called 
the Table of the Cape, yeelding a large profp eiit over 
the Sea on all fides. 

Beyond which, the firft Port of obfervabte note, is 
Sofala, on a little Ifland near the great River Ciiama, 
next Mo^ambiijue, conveniently feated on a large anil 
capacious Haven ; ftrongly fortified, in the hands of 
the Portugals, who in their going to the /««"/>/, and re- 
turning back, ufed to call here, and to fit themfelves 
with all things neceffary to purfue their Voyages .- A 
Town of lb great Trade and Wealth, that the Captain 
of the Caftle, in the time of his Goveinmenr, beiug 
but three j'eais, is faid to have laid up 300000 Duckets 


%l)t S)ca=3Ctlas. 

c^ollSlS:: °''^°^'''=^°'^^^^^^^'^^^^^"-^^^ 

coming fiom Sofala. 

Over agaioft this Port eaftvvard, lyeth the gieat iQand 
Sc. Lau- Maiiagafcar, cr St. Laurence, being the greateft yet 
rcncc. k,jo^^,„ ,„ ^i^g y^^^^i j . pig^^ jf^,! ;„ ^,| ji^j^^g^ j^^. |.|^g ,|(j, 

of mau, particularly of Mill, Rice, Sugar, Honey 
Wax, Cotton- Wcoll, Coco-Nuts, Dates, Goats, Deer 

Oxen SI ^en Frn V" '■""•■."""'""?"' "^^' ' ^'^^ '^ i^avigat>le only by Boats and Shallops; made of 
Oxen, Sheep, Fru, s. Ginger, Cloves, Sanders, Saf- late years a Vadory for the Englilh Merchants, who 
fron, Amber, Gold, Silver. Ivorv. and F.hnnv ; havp h^r^ rt,^,vn„(/j„. „j . ?«„^.,r__ ..*, , 

fron, Amber, Gold, Silver, Ivory, and Ebony 
which they exchange for Toys and fmall Trifles. The 
Inhabitants inhofpitable and treacherous. Harbours it 
liath many, and ofcen frequented by Portugals, liutcb 
and Englijh. 

Up higher towards the Arabick-Gulf, are Melinde, 
Momliaia, §lutha, Magarlo:(a, Sic. 

At the molt eaftern part of hfric\, called Cape Gar- 
drfu, lyeth the Ifland ^coiora, abounding in Cinnabar, 
Uragons-Blood, and Allocs, hence called Aloes Soco- 

Here is the entrance into the Araliian-Gulf, or J{ed- 
Rcd-Sca. Sea, rightly fo called from bordering ou the Land ol 
Eiioifi. The chief Ports whereof aie ^ila, Manila, 
on the Coaft of Ethiopia. And at the very top tliercol 
Suei, or Arjiiiae, the ftation of the Turkifh Gallies 
that command the Gulf, they being firft framed at Cair, 
then taken iff pieces, brought hither, and here lebiiilr 
and joyned together. 

Eiimgeier, the Haven of Solomons Ships, that fetcht 
Iiis Gold from Ophir. 

Others in this Gulf, on the Coaft of Arabia, are few, 
or no places worthy of mention, as far as Babel Mandel, 
where it openeth into the Southern Ocean ; moll part of 
the Perfiait and Indian Merchandize coming formerly 
this way, and fo tranlported by Land to (fa;c, then to 
Alexandria, but now little or notliing iifed. 

A litde without the Gulf flandeth Aden, a gallant 
Haven, well aaded, and feldom without ftore of Ship- 
ping, carrying from thence Gums, Drugs, and other 

Next Oran, the Lock and Key of the Southern Oce- 
an, on the Point or Promontory, at the entering into 
Pcrfian. the Perfian-Gulf, ot Gulf de Elcatiffe, a turbulent and 
'^■"" unruly Sea, the Southern Ocean breaking in atone end, 
and the River Eufbrates at the nrlipr, tKf ^ontmuol 
combating and clafliing of which two, makes it fo un- 

Places and Ports of note on the Arabian Shore, are 
'Miifcabat^ Sabta, Balfara, l{liegium. 

But none fo famous as the City of Ormus, on the 
Pfry/a« Shore i not fo memorable for the greatnefs, as 
the wealth and convenicncy of the fituation thereof; 
built in an Illand, focalled, a famous Enipory for fcr- 
fian and Indian Commodities ; being hence tranfported 
and conveyed to Badgat, or Babylon, Aleppo, and Tri- 
poli, not yet wholly decayed ; befidcs plenty of other 
Merchandize, here are found the bell and f'aiieft Ori- 
ental Pearls, which are caught in this Gulf between Ba- 
fara and OrmiM, , 

The firft Port on the Coall of hdia, is accounted 
D/K, looking towards Perjla i but on the Eaft fide there- 
of, near the Mouth of the River Indus, a Town of great 
Trade, poffefTed by the Portugals. 

Tutta on the Banks of Indus, of no lefs trade to the 
Portugals, who here receive fuch Indian Commodities 
as come down the Water from Lahore, returning Pepper 
in exchange, which they bring up the River from their 
other Faflories, 

Man'flia^ the chief Town of Gujarat, affirmed to be 



all parts. 

Cambaia, 3 miles from Indai.ind as many in compafs 
fo populous, that it is accounted the Cair of the Indies i 
exceeding fruitful, abounding ia Rice, Wheat, Sugar; 

the Mountains thereabouts they find Diamonds, Calce- 
donies, and a kind of 0«y.r, cMed Cormline, cortuptlv 
Corntlian. ' ' 

_ Sxrale-j, in a large Bay fo called, the Haven Town fot 
!iurat, about ten miles from the Road,from whence the Sutiti 
River IS Navigable only by Boats and Shallops; made of 

have here their Prefident, and a Magnificent Houfe for 
their Reception, and Staple of theii Commodities, 
which are chiefly Spices, Calicoes, Indico, Saicinets, 
Pamadoes, (Sc. 

Bombay is a great Faflory for the Euglini Eajl-lndia 

Goa a Sea-Town, fituate in a little, but mofl plea- Goii. 
fant Ifland, called T«Mr/mm, fifteen miles in compafs^ 
oppofite to the Out-let of the River W/Wanu, a noted 
Empory, and one of the chief Keys that unlock the 
Indies i inhabited, befides the Portugals, by Indians, 
Moors, Jews, Armenians, Guzarats, Banians, Bra- 
maa s, and many others, who for the caufe of Trade and 
Gam, dwell here, without raoleftation for their Reli- 

CurjtarBatticale, on the Coaflof Malabar, firft fo- 
mnor ; well built and beautified, with a very fair Haven, 
belonging to the Portugals, and well traded by Mer- 
chants. _, 

Then ^a/iW, the chief of thefe parts, three miles Calicut) 
in length upon the Sea, of exceeding Trade, efpecially 
in fine Calicoes, thence fo called. Ginger, Cinamon, 
Pepper, andCaflia, 

Cochm, a Sea-Town likewife, of little lefs Trade than 

To the fouthward hereof is Cape Comarin, or ^ocOTan- Cape 
deli and a little from thence the Ifland .^fy/an, large, Comc- 
and almoft round,afErmed to be plentiful in Cinnamon, •'"» • 
Ginger, Gold of the beft fort, Silver, and all forts of 
Mettals, Pretious-Stones, and ftore of the largeft Ele- 
phants ; the chief Towns are Trinquelimale and Battica- 
'"■ "Joffanapatan, Colmucb now Columbo, having a fair 
Haven, the Royal Seat of the Kings,whence many Ships 
laden with Cinnamon, Gems, Elephants, and other 
Commodities go yearly to otlier places. 

Within rhcOulf of ££„j,„/a, in the Kingdom of Go/i _ ,, 
kondo, are Negapatan, Madras, St.Georges Fort.Ma/u- ^ ,,° 
lapatan, Orijfa, Bellefir, Angeli, &c. From all which ' 

they ufually fend plenty of Rice, Cotten-Cloth, a fine 
Stuff like Silk, made of a Grafs, called there Terva: 
Long-Pepper, Ginger, Mirabolans, and other Mer- 

Ougely and Bengala, giving name to the great Bay, (i- 
tuate on a Branch of the River Ganges,3 place endowed 
with plenty of all things fit lor life, rich in Merchandize^ 
efpecially Rice, Gold, Pretious Stones, Pearls, a curi- 
ous fort of painted Gotten Cloth thence fent to all parts 
of the World. ^ 

Aracan and Pegu, the glory, of thefe parts, great,' 
ftrong, and Beautiful, Rich in Gold, Gems of divers 
forts, RediWax, (ic, 

Lugor, on the Sea-fide, near that little Iftmos th.u 
joyneth the Cherfonefe to the main Land. 

Martaban, Sornaw, ^eda,. renowned for the beft 
Pepper, and in mofl plenty, for that caufe much fre- 
quented by Merchants. 

And in the Kingdom of Siam, in the narrow Strait g^^ 
between the Ifle of Sumatra and the Peninfila, called 
the Golden Cherfonefe, flands Malacca, tor Spices, Un- 
guents, Gold, Silver, Pearls, and Pretious-Stones, the 

j^joHui/Kniic^iiici luwiiui \ju;^arai, amrmea to oe guents, 001a, silver, I'earls, and Pretious-Stones, the 
near as big as London; feldom without Merchants of moflnotedEmpory of theEaft,Qncepof^eftandftro^g- 
3l' mns. ly fortified by the Portugals, but taken from them by 

the King of Acbem. 

Next Jor, at the very Point or Pi omontory, Vatane, 

where th« Englifh and Hollanders have their Faftories. 
C a Slum 

%l)t ^tiV'^ltias, 




S.a^TT'tiZ^^' of agreac Bay, a goodly Ci- 
, rnH'fonvcniently fcated on the R.verM«M;7(, lor 

^^fW?andf«i»rf-in toi.^«. having ftore of 

■ mid and Lignum Aloes, valued at .ts we.ghtinS.l- 
fer ' Si k in abundance, Purfelan Earth fo. the n,ak,ng 
CuLS Didies. and other Uteuhls. Salt-Peter, <^.. 
'^To the northward whc.eof lyeth the Ifle ol ^yn^n, 
-, Place of the greateft note for the Pearl-fimn.g. 
" ^H eabont leginneth the Kingdom of «.««. 
asid thelargeif,°richeft, and belt nihabued through- 
ou he whole \Votld, would require a Tre.t.le coire- 
fponden b"t becaufe they are a People forb.dding 
K^Sers to ttade atr^ongft them, unlels ur fome 
few places, the knowledge oi others commg onely by 
paTti?ular report, I ftal only gi^e a touch at two or three 
places which are moftcouhderable tor Trade; as 

Firft, N<.»7«n. of incredible greatnefs, fm.ate m a 
creat Gulf, fo called, nine leagues from the Sea, ou the 
great River jqang. wherein by report ude tor , he 
moll part no left than i oooo of the liings Ships, befides 
fuch as belong to private Merchants. 

Caoiafi. on the Navigable River Mawo, where the 
P„r<</»<.// had once a great Faflory. 

/i'Mka", not far from the Sea, well-traded, and con- 
veniently feated tor conveyance of Merchandize 
throughout the whole Kingdom. 

Sciatihay a Town frequented by much Shipping, not 
above twenty four hours fayl from Jafam the Trade 
whereof is chiefly Cottons. 

Numerous are the Ports of China befides thefe.which 
for the caufeaforclaid are omitted: The general Trade 
whereof coufirts chiefly in Gold, Silver, Copper, Chi- 
na-Silks in abundance ; fine I'urfelans.Rhubarb, Musk, 
Civet, Amber, Camphire, Spices, Pearls, much 
China-Wood, and almoft all forts of Merchandize. 

The Iflands fcattered up and down the J?idian Seas, 
are very many, and rich in Merchandize, vi^. 

7flCaK the moft northern Ifland of all, having feve- 
ralfairl'orts, Meaco being the chief, at this time the 
Empory and Staple of Coi""' whither chey bring their 
Commodities forforreign Trade. 

The Vbillpfmes, fo callc J, a. honour of I'bdif the 
Second, King of S^ain, in whofe time d.lcovered, 
many whereof have been, or now are, liodcr that 

^'Mmillas Mattan, unfortunately remarkable tor the 
death of MogrfoB, there flainiu a Battle with the Na- 

' uqiila Major, Leji<io Miner, Formofa, J^eix Maiot, 
tlie files of Bandan, Mohucoes, Jcrnate, Jidor, Ma- 
cbir Rachtan, Maehian, Botone, Ol:l/es, Giloh, Ma- 
caffar and Ambaina, where that inhumane Butchery 
was by the Hollanders committed upon the Englifh, 
Anno I (S 1 8 Unto all which refpeSively, not onely the 
Merchants ot China and Imlia, but the Portugals, Spa- 
iiifii Dutch, and Enghni, have continual recourfe by 
Shipping, bringing from thence Gold, S.lver and 
other Metals; Gems, Pearls, Nutmegs, Mace.Cloves. 
Cinnamou.Ginger.Aloes, Sugar.Canes, Peppcr,Drugs,,and yellow, ef. 

Bor/ Ifland of more note, and greater than any 

■ ptjjer fpoken of in the Indian Seas, jufl under the Equa- 
tor ; the grcateft riches whereof are, Camphire, Aga- 
rick, and Diamonds. 

Places ot note therein are, Borneo-, i anions, iiucca- 
dana, Benjarmaffin, &<^- . ,. , . ^ a 

Sumatra, under the Line alfo, whence to the Coatt 

"■ of Malacca the Strait is very narrow, not above a Muf. 

quct-fliotin breadth; it affords great plenty ol Wax, 

Silk Cottons, Ginger. Pepper, Camphire. Agarick. 

acd'caflia ; rich ia Mines, not onely ol Tin, Irou, 

Sulphur, and other Minerals, but of Gold fuch plen- 
ty, that 'tis credibly beheved this was the Opliirot So- 
lamon. The Inhabitants are either good Artificers, 
cunning Merchants, or expert Mariners. The chief 
Sea-Towns. -icicra, the Royal-Seat; Peder,(^ambar,Me- 
nmcabo., and Pajfaman. 

Java Major, rich in Corn, Mettals, Gems, Silks in 
abundance; Pepper, Ginger, Cinnamon, andlomeo- 
ther Spices. The chief Towns, Falambua, Sarabaja, 
Tubim, Uama, Charabon, Batavia, and Bantam near 
the Straits ot Sunda, which feparate Sumatra from this 

This place, amongft many others, being the princi- 
pal Fadory of the Euglifli in all that partot the In- 

The King of Bantam having great correfpondence 
with, and great afledtion for, his Mjjelfy of England ; 
whereby 'tis hoped our Fad;ory will be better letled, 
and our TrafKck encreafed in thofe parts, to the great 
advantage and profit of our Englifli Merchants. 

Java-Minor,iheSomh Coaft whereof is not fully di(- 
covcred, and the Places and Commodities onely by 
coniedure, fo alfo are many other Iflands ai.d Pla- 
ces thereabouts, as Nona HoUandia, Noia Guinea, 
IJliu de Ladronoi, &c. 

In the/mVMaSea, iadMare Pacijicum, which with 
the Coafts of America, remains onely to be fpoken of. 
ThatgreatSeaorOcean, was firft fo named hy Magel- 
lan, who paffing through thofe troublefoir.e and tem- 
pcfluous Straits, that his came, found fuch a 
change upon his coming into this main Ocean, that he 
gave It the name of Mar del Z^r, from the €alm and 
peaceable temper thereof. 

California is the moll Weflern part of America which Arawica, 
is waflied by this Sea, once fuppofed to be a part of the 
Continent, but fince difcoveredtobea large Ifland (e- 
parated from the Main by a narrow Sea called Mfr f^er- 
mtglie, by fome, the Gulf of California. 

"Towns of trading here are lew or none, at Icadwife 
tons known; the Capes ouly obfervable, oncecoafted 
by Sir Francii Drake, as Cape Blanco and Hcnducino in 
the North, and St. iacoi on the South, remarkable for 
the great Prize taken there from the Spaniards by Cap, 
Cavendip, in ins Circum-uavigation of the World. 

Ou the South-eaft hereof arc the N.ivigable Rivers 
of Sr. Sebajiian'i, l^io de Spirtto Sanilo, Cape Corientes : 
(heTowm o{ Naliiiitad, pillaged and burnt by Capt. jg^^ 
Ca-jendiJIi ; St. Jago, a little South of Nativitad, the Spain. 
Shores whereof arefaid tobefuflof Pearls. 

Acapalco the bell Haven on the South Sea, in a fafe 
and capacious Bay, with convenient Stations and Docks 
for fliipping. 

Aguatidcoi-aoKdVott, and rich, much u fed in the 
Spanifli Voyages from Mexico fouthward, plundered 
by Sir Francii 'Drake and Mr. Cavendijh. 

Taconnte peque, Gualamalo, and St. '/a^o, Salvador, 
St. Michaelf, Carlos, Pbilippina, St. Foy, where the 
Spaniards melt and caft their Gold into Ingots. 

Thefe, and indeed all the Weflern Shores of Ame- 
rica, fubjed: to the Spaniards, they being very cautious 
and iealousof any other Countrcy to trade there; many 
of tliefe Countreys, efpecially tlie Valeys, exceeding 
fruitful in Fruits and other necefTarics ior hfe,the moun- 
tainous parts being barren, but plentifully fupplyed 
with never-perifliing Mines of Silver and Gold ; the o- 
ther Merchandize being Cottens, Sugars, Indigo, Co- 
chineel, Liquid-Amber, Maftick, Tobacco, Sulphur, 
SarfaperiUa, feveral forts of Gums, and other Apothe- 
caries Drugs. 

A little beyond Cape SanBa Maria, in Vcrugua, ly- 
eth Panama, over againft Porto Belt, being the narrow- 
eft part of that long and narrow Iftmos, or Strait of 
Land thatpartcth the two PeninfuU's of America, Mexi- 


ICtje 5>ca=;Xtlas. 

cana and Peruana, called the Straits of Darien, from a 
TowD and River of the fame name : in fome places not 
twelve miles from Sea to Sea, in many not above feven- 
teen i a fmall Ligament for fo great a Body, obferva- 
ble by that notable bit fucceflefs attempt of John Ox- 
tnbam-, an adventurous Enghfliman, one of Sir Fian- 
(ii rorak's Followers, wlio arriving with feventy of his 
Companions in a fmall Bark, a Imle above Nomlire de 
®«r, the chief Town of the Iftmos, or Mar del Nort 
fide, drew his Ship on Land, covered it wich Boughs, 
and guided by fome Negroes, marched over-land with 
his Company, till he came to a River ; there cut down 
Wood, made him a Pinnace , entred the South-Sea, 
went to the Ille of Pearli, took from the Spaniards 
60000 pound weight ot Gold, and 100000 pound 
weight ot Silver, returned to Land ; but through the 
mutiny of fome ofhis own Company, was intercepted, 
and never returned to his Ship or Countrey : This Re- 
corded by the Spauifli Writers with great admira- 

The Towns and Places on the Shores of Piru, are 
firfl Bonavenlara, on a Bay fo called ; Cape de FroHcifio. 

Puerto yego, not far from the Sea, the firfl Town ol 
thefe Parts poffeffed by the Spaniard, from whence the 
Trade is driven betwixt Panama and Peru^ where are 
found very rich Emeralds. 

Guyajmll, in a deep Bay, a noted and much frequen- 
ted Empory of the Spaniards. 

Payla, a fmall Town, but hath the faiefl and mod fre- 
quented Harbour in all this Countrey: b-irnt by Captain 

Lima, by the Spaniard aWtd p'vidad de hi J^Juet, 
the mod fruitful of all Peru, in tlie Latitude of ii deg. 
s;ida hall ; a Town of greater wealth thanbignefs, the 
Riches of Peru paffing yearly through it : faCked by Sir 
Francis lirake. 

Porto §)^emado. Capo Vereyna., whence cometh that 
Jobacco called Right Vereyoas. 

Ari({mfa, where the Silver of Placa and Voto{i are 
Ihipt for Panama. 

Next in Chill are Copayago, Serena, Port val Paraifi i 
out of which the Enghdi under 1>rah took a Ship, and 
therein 2yooo Ptzoesof thepureft Go\d o( Baldavia. 

Concepuan, Auraca, Imperial, haldavia, Oforno, Ca- 
ffro, tliC moftfouthernTownot all Peru. 

To this Southern part of Ckli, there is great expeda- 
tion of an Enghdi Traftick with the Inhabitants, by rea- 
fonof a difgud taken by the Natives againd the Spani- 
ards for their cruelty and infidelity. 

And, in order thereunto, his Majedj? and Royal 
Highnefs the Duke of Torl^, and feveial others of tlie 
Nobility, defigned a farther difcovery of thofe parts for 
procuring a Trade and Commence With the People of 
that Countrey ; and in the year 1669, thfere were tv*o 
Ships fent upon the fame Diicovery, the one called the 
Sweep-flakes, under the conduft of that ingenious and 
venturous Commander,Capt.7o^n Norbmrougb t and the 
other the Batchelour, Capt. Humphrey Ftemmtng Com- 
mander : Both which Ships proceeded on their Voyage 
til they came near the Straits of Magellan, Cot far from 
J?/o St. Julian, which was the appointed place ot win- 
tering , until an opportunity prefented to pafsthefaid 
Straits i near which place they loft one another : where- 
upon the Baldelour returned home, with a ffrong ap- 
prehenfion that his Confort waslod: But on the con- 
trary, the Sweepftakfs very honourable proceeded on her 
Voyage, and paiTed through the Straits into Mar-del ■^ur, 
alias. Mare Pacijicum, and fayled alongft the Coad of 
Chtli, unto a place called BatdaUia, in the latitude of 
39 deg. 3omin. or thereabouts, under the power and 
jurifdidiou of the Spaniards, who have the command 
thereof as far as the reach of their Guns > who at firtt 
pretended a frienddiip With our Men, but as laft be- 

trayed and detained four of them, which Captain Nor- 
borough very diligently endeavoured toreleafe, but pro- 
ving ineffeSual, was condrained to leave them behind, 
and fo returned back through the Straits, and in Jane 
1671 came home, to the great fatislaQion of the whole 
Court, giving great hopes of prociirine a Trade in thofe 
Parts, that may polTibly prove very auvantagious to thi 
whole Kingdom, by reafon of the abundance of Goli 
and Silver in that Country. 

From Baldavia to the Straits of Magellan there arc no 
Towns i the Capes of note are, Cabo de las IJlas, Punta 
del Gado i and at the very entrance of the Strait, Capi 
de la nBoria, fo called from Magellan! Ship firft pafTing 
this way . 

The Wed-Entrance of the Straits oi Magellan, is in s,rai,j of 
J 3 degrees of South Latitude ; and the Ead-Entraocc Migd- 
liesin j-2 deg. 20 m. the length no leagues, and the Ian. 
breadth in lonie places two leagues over, in others not 
fully two miles. This place was fird difcovered and 
paffed through by Ferdinando Magellan a Portugal ; 
followed by Sir Francis Drake i afterwards ic grew fa- 
miliar to many Seamen. 

There is another Padage betwixt the South-Sea antl Fretum 
Atlantick-Ocean, to the louthward hereof, called fre- Ic Mai'c- 
tiimUMaire, loandoMt, Anm 161 J, by Jacob leMaire, 
and U'illiam CorntUfin Scbouten, much more conveni- 
ent than the former ; betwixt both which the Land is 
called Terra del Fugo, the South Point whereof is Cape 
Harm the two Lands betwixt which they fayled whetj 
firft difcovered, they called States-land on the Eaft,and 
on the Wed Mauritiut-lanJ, 

The next places of note on tlie main Continent, be- 
ginning at Cape l^irgines, lying at tlie very eaftermolt 
part of the Strait Magellan, are 7^/o de la Cru\, where 
Magellan flayed two months. 

Ki» St. Julian, Port t>eftre,'l{io de las Comarcnes C»ft 
I{otundo, Cape St. Antonio, at the Mouth of J{jt de la 
Vtata, a large River, and of fo violent a dream, that 
the Sea, for many leagues together, altereth not its tafte. 

On the North hereof is hrajil, pofleiTed chiefly by Eraiit 
the Portugals ; a Cotintrey abounding with exceeding 
plenty of the bed Sugars ; that and ifie great quantity 
of Red- Wood ufed for the dying of Cloth, being the 
chief Commodities hereof. 

The places of note, are Santos, St. flncents, Sainc 
Sebapan, at theMouthof ^!o7'»'«'''C Spirito SanSo, 
Porto Seguro, To dos los Santos, Salvador, Olinda on the 
River tAeragnon, Cape Blanco, Pernambuco, and Augii- 
fliiie the eadermoft part of America. 

Paro/in, on the River fo called ; l{iode Grand, Para, 
l{io de Ama^ones , i Rivet full of iflands at the entrance, 
broad and of a long courfe, the difcovcries wherefif 
are not fully made. 

Places to the northward are Caripo, memorable fiir 
a Colony of the Englidi there planted by Captain J{o- 
berl Harcourt, iiioS. on the Bank of W/a^oco. 

The River Oronoyae, and Sorenam, on a River (b 
called, in the Countrey of Guiana, not long fince a thri- Gtiilnj< 
ving Plantation of tie Englifh, lately delivered into thi: 
hands of the Dutch, yeelding Sugars, Cottoni, To- 
bacco, WootJ for Dyers, and fome other Commodi- 

St. Thomts, the onely Town of Guiana inhabited bjf 
the Spaniard. 

Porta de Guerb, Puerto la Cabelo, St. Martha, oci ti)k 
Shores of the Ocean, neighboured by a fafe and co'tive- 
hient Haven : fpoyled by Sir Francis DraHe. 

J^ de La Hatba, New Salamanca, SanBa C^siJ dt 
iHopts, near the confluence of the Rivers St. TSA&rtba and 
iJlagdaletia. j> 

Caibargena, fltiiate in a Peninfula,' well fortiffcd 

(ince the taking thereof by Sir Francis Brake, Who dnna 

■ yS/i cook it by affault, and carried from theoce, be- 

B fide« 

Xije ^ea^^tias. 

fides inellimable funis of moucy, a^o Brals Pieces of 
■Ordnance. n ■ 

tiexz -Darien, near the Strait of Land fo called, on 

the Bank of the River Urain. 

xjombrc A''»'*« "'^ ^""- ""ven.emly feared on the upper 

■dc-aos Sea for a Town of Tiade.whither the Spaniards brought 

tlieir Goods from <S/>am for I'aOTwn.^and Irom P<m<j~ - 

for Spain i taken alio by Sir A 

; Ora/f 

St Vbihft, filitate on a fa(c and fliong Haven called 
TcruBsl/, built in tliis plai.-e by tire command of King 
ri////- the Second, to be the Staple of Trade betwixt 
jVam and Vanama, inftead of Nomke lie Dios, where 
it was before ; removed partly becaufe of the unwhol- 
fome Air of Nmire lie Uios, but chiefly becaufe that 
Town lay too upeu to the linglifh Invafions i fortified 
With two flrong Caftles on each fideof the Haven, )et 
for all that, Surprized and Pillaged by Captain Varhr, 
■Anno I (SOI. 

hayii de Cartago, Cape Ae Honduras, Vorto de Sal, 
'VortodeCazallos the moft noted Haveninthe Gulf of 
■Hmduras ; whence compaffing tlie Peninfula of Tuca- 
P ,,- f tanhy Caftde Cptocbe, the gieat Bay orGulf of 
Mcsiw "openetbit felfi the Ports and Places of the Shores 
whereof were lieretofore little frequented, unlefs by 
the Spaniai d ; in thefe later times,and liiice ti^e Plantati- 
on of 'Jamaica by the Englifh, fomething better, though 
yet not much known. 

The chief, and almoft the onely place, is Lavera 
iCr"^, the next Port Town to the great City of Mexico, 
from which it is dillaut about fixty leagues. 

The Traffick and Commodities of thefe Eaftern 
parts of America being the fame wiih thofe ou the 
Shtircs and Coafts of Mar del Z^r, fpoken of before. 
North-eaftward hereof lyeth the Coall of Florida i 
fceffrixt which, and the Coafti of Guiana, before trea- 
ted of, liefcatteredupanddowntheSea a great num- 
berof Iflands, fome greater, feme lefTer, vi:^. 

Cuba, Hiffaniota, Jamaica, Porto l^co, theCariiei, 
and luenyos, 
Cuba. Cuba a large Ifland, in length ftom Cape Magef near 

Uijpaniola, to Cape St, Antonio, z 30 leagues; a fertile 
Sovl, liberally ftored witli Ginger, Caffia, Mallick, 
Aloes. Sugar, 6fc. 

Ports of moll note, St. 'J ago, Salvador, SanBa 
Cra^i SanSo Spirito, Trinidai, Port del Principe, Ba 
racoa, Alalaaca, and the Havana, a noted and wsU- 
traded Port, fo flrongly Ctuate and fortified, both by 
Nature and Art, that it feems impregnable. 

Hi/paniola, a large Ifland alfo, but not fo big as Culia, 
aplentiluland pleafant Countrsy, once abounding in 
Cold, but long lince exhaufted i it affords Ginger and 
Sugar ill abundance. 

The Ports worthy obfei vatiou, St. "Domingo, the Re- 
fidencc ol the Governor, not yet recovered of the Da. 
mage done by Sir Francis Drah, St. Salvador, Inguana, 
or SanSa Maria del Porto, Porto de la Plata, Asjta or 
Covipoftella, &c. 

"Jamaica, on the South of Cuba, from whence di- 
flant twenty leagues or thereabouts , and not much 
more from Hijpaniola ; formerly poffefTcd by the Spa- 
niard, not many years ago taken by the Englidi, who 
therein have began a gallant Plantation ; the wholefom- 
nefi of the Air, and lertilityof theSoyl, giving great 
hopes (if not affurance) of a continueci encreaie and 
improvement thereof, to the encouragement of fuch as 
are already there, or others that fhall hereafter tranfport 
themfelves thither. Merchandize of their own growth, 
ore Tobacco, Sugar, Cotton, Ginger, Indigo, and 
feveral forts of Woods ferviceable for Dyers and others. 
Places of note are SeviUa, Melitla, Orijiaa, Punta Ni- 
grilla. Port Koyal, Port Moranto, Aguia, &c. 

Porto l{ico, fomething Mountainous, butiudifferent 
iruiiful, expofed fometimes to thofe fuddaiii and trou- 



blefome Xempetts, called Hurricanes, as are there!} of 
thefe places hereabout. The Commodities, Ginger, 
Sugar, C"flia, andHydesi the European Cactelfo en- 
crealing in molt of thefe Illands. that they have grown 
wild by reafon of their multitude ; tjie inhabitants of 
many of the places killing thoufands for their Skins on- 
ly, leaving their Hcfli as a prey to ravenous Creatures, 
Places of note are, Porto f(ico, Arc^ilio, Luyja &c 

The Qaribci, 01 Cannibal Illands, fo called in gene, 
ral, becaufe at tirlldilcovery inhabited by C<!««;in// or 
Man-eating people, as the word imports i extended in 
theSeahkea Bow, of diflerent temper and quality ; 
the principal are thefe, Margerila, Trinidada, Gram- Caribbo 
da, Granadilla, St. Lacies^ St. rincent, Baiiadoei, a Iflands, 
rtounfliiug Colouie and Plantation of t'e Englifh, well 
peopled; the Soil in fhew like &^/flW but more fruit- 
ful i furuifhed on the Jouth fide with a large and com- 
modious Haven, driving a great Trade in lobacco Su- 
gar, Cotton, Ginger, Indigo, and Logwood, 6ff. ' 

Next }t\arttnico, 1)ominico, y.ary.t^atlant, DilTedca 
Guardalupe, Antegc, Saibada, Mamit-Jriaf, St.Ctrilto- 
pkrs, I^'evii, St. Martins, St. Bartholomen', Anguilla, 
Saafla Cni^, and many otiicrs of lefs note. 

The Liicaios are tAayagimna, Sumana, Tumeta, Tma, Lucaioes 
Gaanabani, Cygnateo, L^icanoegue and Baiama, memo- 
rable for giving name to the violent Current interpofing 
betwixt it and the demy Ifland of Florida, of fo forci- 
ble a courfe, thatnofttengihof Wind ot Oars can pre- 
vail againlf it, (as is commonly reported). 

Florida was firlt diftovered by the Englijh, under the Florida, 
command of Sebajhan Cabot, Anno 1497. fo called by 
John de Fonte, afterwards from the frefh verdure and 
tlourifhiug effate in which he found it : The Ports are 
SanHa Lucia, St. Augufline, St. Matthens, Port K^ya!, 
CapeFeare, PortCba,les, MidSz. Hellens, which three 
lie near the borders of Virginia. 

irirgima, agallant Plantation of the Englifh, having Virginia 
many excellent properties above other Nations, as the 
temperature of the Air, fiuitfuluefs of the SoyI, com- 
naodioufuefs of fitiution ; many great and navigable Ri- 
vers, and fafe and fpacious Harbours. The firft difco- 
very hereof by the two Cabots, Father and Son, Anm 
1497. did firft entitle the Crown of England to this 
Countrey, who ftill polTefs it, having there a large and 
fiourifhing Plantation. The chief Trade, bcfides other 
Commodities, is Tobacco, where there is fuch abun-' 
dance, that no place afibrdeth more, or of better qua- 
lity. The Rivers are, James Kuer, ror^ River, Po- 
tomac, H^pahanocL; Eli7;abcth River, IVicomococo, and 
many others, all falling into the great Bay called Che- 


The two Capes, at the entrance whereof are Cape 
Henry, and CapeCiar/w. Towns of moll note are, 
yamw-Town, the Seat of the Governour, and many 

Eaftwardof^/rgrn/alyeththelflesof Burmaa'*/, {o 
called fiom John Bermudes a Spaniard, by whom it was 
fiittdifcovered: Alfo called the JawtOTcr Illands, from 
Sir Gtorge Summer, who there fiifiered fhipwrack ; there 
are feveral of them, altogether making a body in form 
of a Creffanr, and indole very good Ports, as thofe of 
Southampton, Harrington, and Pagets. The Air is al- 
moft alwayes ferene, very healthful, agreeing well 
withEngliflibodie!, who have here at divers titnes fet- 
led and eftablillieda fair and powerful Colonic. The 
healthfulnefs of the place inviting that famous Mathe- 
matitian Mr. J{ichard Noripood, once Reader of Crejham 
Colledge in London, to make his abode here. Cocha- 
neil and Tobacco, with fome Pearls, Amber, and fair 
Oranges being their principal Riches, for which they 
have a good Trade. 

TotheNoith-ealtof r!rgrWolyethMflry-/aW, and ^arv- 
New-England, a Couuttey bravely fituate, and very a- Jand, 

%l)t s>eii^Ztias, 






grceaWeto Englilh bodies. The Soil exceeding fuiic- 
tul of Natures iiecellities, eventoexcefs; fupplyed al- 
fo with many large and capacious Bjyes and Rivers. The 
Commodities, befides liore of Hefli and Corn fent 
abroad, are Furs, Amber, Flax, Hemp, Cedar, Pitch, 

1 Tar, Malls^ Cables, and Timber for Shipping and o- 
ther ufesi in a w->rd, whatfoever comes to England 
from the Somid, might be as well fupplyed from hence. 
The chiefell Places are ;Vfw-ror,^,feated on the great 
Ri\er Manliattani-, or Huilfom River, near its fjU into 
the Ocean, and not far ffom the Hie MaWon'oc.^J', or 
Lmg-IJland, over againft the Eaft end whereof the Ri- 
ver C'lmetlicoi falleih into the Sea. 

the next Bo^on, Barnjhple., Nen:-Plimo:tth, Deir un- 
to which is that obfervjble hooked Point of Land na- 
med Cape Carl, with feveral others : And St. Georges 
1-ort, built by the Englilh, at the Mouth of the River 

Adjoyiiing hereunto lyeth Nmia S'cotia, Nova Fran- 
cm-, or Co«ow'if> and the fmall Peninlula, called /icca- 
dm, betwixt the Bay of Sc. Laarence-, where the great 
River Canada fjlleth into the Gull and the main Sea. 
The noted places are Port l^yal, St. Luker, Port au 
Uonttu, Ga/pe, GocHepe, St. Croi^' Franco Hoy, and 
St.LeifU. Tlie Comraoditiesare chiefly Furs, (ic. 

Not far to the eaftward hereof, lyeth the Ifle of 

At the mod Eafterti part of America Septentrionalii 

■ lyeth Neiv-foiind-land, in llland fcparated from the 
Main, or I'erra Corterialu, By a Fritli or Strait, called 
Gulf de Cajieaux, furnilhed on the Sea-Coaft with abun- 
dance of Codfilh, and other Fi(h ; for the catching ot 
which.Ships ot many Countreys frequfent that placei ha- 
ving alio many large and convenient I{ennofa, 
Fair- Haven, Ihorn-Bay, Trinity-Bay, Bmavifi, Ifhite- 
Bay, Port Treffafs, St. Georges Bay, St. "Jones, 6c. The 
Au- of this Countrey never very extieam, more tempe- 
rate in the depth of Winter than with us in England, 
the Brooks being never lo frozen over that the Ice is 
able to bear a Uog ; and thofe little Frofts but feldom 
holding three nights together. 

Before tlie llland lyeth that long Bank, extending in 
length fome hundred of leagues i near to which are ma- 
ny little Iflands, called by Jolm Cabot, Bacalos, peculiar 
now to one onely, from the numerous multitude of 
Cod-fifti which fwavmed hereabout. Betwixt Cafe 

de Giimay in Terra Corterialu, and the Capes Farenel 
and -Deflation, near Greenland, lyeth the two Sraits, 

1 named Freliim Davis, and Fretum Had/on, lo called from 
the firft Dilcoverers; a Sea dilating it lelf much both 
towards the North, South, and Welt, giving great 

'■ Hopes thereby of a Paffage to (Tiina, and the Eajt-In- 
dies ; And therefore notwithflandiug the Ice, Fogs, 
and other Incumbrances fearched into by many Englilh 
Worthies , as Frobifier, Xavu, Weymouth, Hndjon, 
Button, Baffin, Smith, James, Gtltam, and others, who 
have failed therein, fome one way, and fome another, 
and given names to many places, vi\. Kjng James his 
Cafe, Queen- Anns Cape, Prince Fiemy's Foreland, Saddel 
ijlaiid. Barren I/land, J{edgoofe IJland, Digs his //land, 
Hacklmts Headland, Smiths Bay, Prince Ruperts l^izer, 
Maudlin Sound, Fair-baven, and many others, even 
from James his Bay on the the bottom whereof 
HuHfin wintered in the latitude of s ' degrees, to Baf- 
fins Bay on the North, lying in the latitude of 79 de- 
grees i and to the welivvard, as far as Port Nelfon,-^heTe 
Sir Thomas Button wintered, being more wetterly than 
Mr, Hudfons Bay by 190 leagues; and near as far to- 
wards the Weft as Cape California in Mar del .^ar, where 
finding the Tyde continually to rile every twelve hours 
fifteen foot or more, and that a Weft Wind did make 

the Neap Tydcs equal to the Spring Tydes; liuding alfo 
the Tydes to (et fometimes eallwards, lometimes weft- 
wards, gave good hope to Mr. Hubard twho made 
the Plat thereof ) of a through Paffage, called therefore 
Hubards Hope. 

Andintheyear i66'7, a very houoii table and worthy 
Defign vt/as renewed, and undertaken for the dilcovery 
of this North- Weft TaflTage, and feeling a Trade with 
the Indians in thofe Parts, by feveral of the Nobility of 
England, and divers Merchants ot note belonging to 
the City of London^ who fitted out two fmall VefTels for 
that purpofe, the one called the Nonfucb Ketch, Cap- 
tain £^harial) GiUam Commander,the other the Eaglet 
/(f/ci,Captain Staniard Commander ; the latter where- 
of being by ftormy Weather beaten back, returned 
home without fuccefs i but the other proceeding 00 her 
Voyage, in her way made the Land of Buji, lying be^ 
tviixt //eland aud Groenland ; paffed through Hitdfoni 
Straits, then into Baffins Boy > from thence foutherly 
into the Great Bay, where in the latitude of fift* 
one degrees, or thereabouts, in a River now called Ru- 
perts Hiver, he wintered, found a friendly correfpon- 
dence and civil entertainment with the Natives, traded 
with them in e.xchange of Bever-Skins, 6c. for KniveSi 
Beads, Looking-Glaffes, Hatchets, and other trivial 
Commodities^ and the next year returned with good 
luccefs, and future hopes of an excellent Trade in thofe 
parts, giving invitation thereby to the aforefaid Noble- 
men and Merchants to adventure again. Anno 1669, 
Which Voyage being not yet performed, leaves us ig- 
norant both of the Places aud Trade thereof (lave what 
is already knovVnJ undifcover'dj till the conclufioD of 
the Voyage. 

Groenland, called by the Natives Secanunga) is that Gioeiii 
laftpartof /Imerica, which lemaius onely to be fpoken lan<l» 
of; a Countrey, as is fuppofed, but thinly inhabited,and 
by reafon of the abundance of Ice, and inhofpitablenefs 
ot the People, little frequented, and confequently not 
lo welf known, as to give a pevfcdi defcriptioD thereof i 
(or notwithrtanding feveral Voyages have betn tnidS 
chither on purpofe, many Ships have accidentally touch- 
ed upon the Coafts thereof in purfuancc of the N. W. 
Difcoveiies ; yet for the caufesaforefaid,the Countrey 
lies ftill obfcured in a Northern Mitt, being to us almoft 
altogether unknown, unlefs the names of certain Bayes^ 
Capes, and fuch like, as, Horn-found, Horn- 
btls-ford, Conningham, Gilberts-found, Cocking-ford, Cape 
Comfort, Cape Defolation, all within the Streight ; Cape 
Farewel, Cape Uifiord, Leifter-point, Warwick-Foreland, 
Hernolds-Nefs, Hereford; not far ftom the Well part of 
l/eland, and feveral others. 

South-weftWard from //?/3«r/, about 140 leagues, ly- 
eth an //land called Ba//, in the latitude of fy degrees ]j„fj; 
3 y minutes, not yet fully difcovercd, but only as it hath 
been accidentally feen by fome, who upon Other Dif- 
coveries have occalionally palled thofe Seas, as Captain 
Gillam in his firft Voyage to the North-Weft PaffagS 
had Soundings near unto it. 

From /feland, about 1 3 j leagues North-eaftwatds, 
in the latitude ot feventyone degrees, lyeth an Illanil 
called Trinity //land, the North-Bali Point v;hereof is Triroty 
named Toungs- Foreland, a placfe lbr*iierly much frequen- Ifaud. 
ted by the Dutch for their Whale-filliing ; the Land is 
very high, hillofRocks and Mountains, one elpecially 
much higher than the reft, called Bears Mountain. 

Thus briefly have I touched at, and as it were, onely 
named the Sea-Coafts of moft of the known Parts of 
the World, which may ferve as an entrance to the fuc- 
ceeding Sea-Atlas, commending the Difcovery of fuch 
parts as are yet unknown to the f earth of Pofterity. 



%i)t ^ta-^zms. 

The 'Difco'verks that htrve been made within this two hundred yeats, by 
the Worthies of our oM Oration, as "well as Strangers. 

CMriJlobher Calumhui the Geimi, firfl deternii- 
naiely atteiiipced co fcek after, and in the 
year 1492 profperouily dil'covered the great 
Continent oi' America. 

lohn Cabu i Vtnttim., and his Son Sir Seiajlian, born 
in Enifanii^ fucceeded Calumbnt in that famous At- 
tempt, an'l difcovered all the North Coafts thereof, 
from Cafe Florida to Nea-fomd-Land. 

But Amtricus yifiutius^ in difcovering foine of the 
South Parts thereof, obtained the honour of having the 
whole Continent called by his Name America. 

Ferdinand) Alagellan, Anno lyt?. was the firil that 
found out that Strait towards the Antartick Pole, which 
gives a PalTage between Mar del 2^r and the Atlantick 
Ocean, called by his Name, frelum MateUamcum. 

Mr. T^icbard Chancellor fiift found out the Paffage by 
Seato;^'#a, Anno ifjo. 

Sir Htt'h PViUouobby firft difcovered Greenland,ot King 
"Jamis his New-Land i attempted to find the North- 
EaftPafiiage to Cathay and China, Anno 15 Si, but in 
his return was frozen to death. 

Mr. Stephen Burroughs attempted the like Paflage, 
annt lyyfi- difcovered feveral places in KuJJia, Nofa 
Zembla, and thereabout, to his lading memory. 

Sir Francis Tirake, that adventurous and valiant Eng- 
li(h Worthy, after a Voyage firft made to Ntmbre lie 
V)m, and other parts of the Wejl Indies, in the years 
if7i, andij-yi, having then only a fight of the>y ou«i 
Sea, reneweil in himfelf a noble defire of fayling there- 
in > and after feme hindrances at home, in Service of 
his Prince and Countrey, anm iS77> by gracious Com- 
niillion from his Sovereign, and the help of divers 
Friends, Adventurers, fitted himfelf with five Ships 
for his intended defign, and pafling through the Straits 
of Magellan, made many rare Difcoveries thete, and 
on the Well of America i failed thence through the 
South Sea to the Eafi Indies, and fleering homeward by 
the Cape of Good Hope, after two years and ten months 
(pent in that Circum-navigation of the World, and ma- 
ny excellents Atchievcments and Difcoveries there per- 
formed, that worthy Knight, and mofl noble Neptune, 
happily letutned to />/y«o.v«i whence he firft fet fortli. 
Other Voyages he made fometirae afterwards to the 
main Continent of America, and the Illands thereof, 
wherein were taken by that Euglifli Hero, the City of 
St. Jago, SanSo Domingo, Cartagena, with the Fort 
and Town of St. Aiigufiwe in Florida. 

Mr. Tho. Cavendijh not long after followed the trace 
of Sir Francis through the Straits of Magellan, encom- 
pafTed the whole circumference of the Terreftrial 
Globe, in the year ij87! and profperoufly returned 
(laden with honour antl applaufe) into his Native Coun- 

Several famous Men among the Nethertanders have 
alfo, to their lafting creadit, encompalTed this Globe of 
Earth and Sea, as Olivier van de Nort,IJaac le Maire,iDA 
William ^crnelifin Schouten, who according to their 

feveral Courfes and Voyages, made difcoveries not to 
be forgotten by Pofterity. 

Sir Mar/in trobijhcr. Anno if 76) attempted the 
North-Weft PalTage, failed to the latitude of iSz de- 
grees, fotind that great lulet, fince known by his Name, 
forbijljers Straits. 

Mr. Arthur Petr, and Mr. Charles Jackman, Anno 
I f 80, went out in two Ships for the difcoiery of the 
River Oh, and a Paffage to China., arrived at faigats, 
pafTed the Straits, took particular obfervatioii along the 
Eaft Part ol Noi^a ^f«Wa,the North of B^ijfm and Sa- 
moeds Countrey, fo far as the Ice Would give him leave. 

Sir Humphrey Gilbert, AnnoiySj, going for Difco- 
very of the North of kmerica, came into the great Ri- 
ver Sr. Lawrence in Canada, letled the Government of 
the Fifhlng there. 

Mafter John Davis attempted the difcovery of the 
North- Weft Paflage, annt i y 8 y i came into the latitude 
of 66 degrees, plyed alongft the Coaft, obferved the 
probability of a PafTage there, and in the end of the 
year returned. 

The next year went again for a further Difcovery, 
found a great Inlet betwixt the latitude of jy and /« 
degrees i Traded with the People of the Place, and fo 

In the year ijSy, he took a third Voyage for difco- 
very of thofe Parts, followed his courfe to the North 
and North-Weft, as far as the latitude of 76 degrees, 
having the Continent on the Weft, and Groeuland 
(which he named Df/3/attoAjJ on the Eaft; andpaffing 
on to the latitude of 8 6 degrees, the Paffage enlarged 
it felf fo, that he could not fee the Weflern Shoar i then 
he altered his courfe foucherly to the latitude of 73 de- 
grees, in a great Sea free from Ice, of an unreafonable 
depth i and by reafon of the departure of two Ships 
which he left a Fifhiog, he returned home. This Paf- 
fage (as he was the firft Difcoverer) he called by hij 
own name, Fretum Davis. 

The Difcovery of thefe Lands, Coafts, Iflands, 
Straits, Havens, Bayes, Rivers, (ic. with the Commo- 
dities and Advantages arifing from the fame, in a Trea- 
life of his own, called the Worlds Hydrorraphical De- 
fer if tion, with hi! yearly Reporteries and journals, may 
more largely appear. 

Mr, Stephen Bennet firft difcovered Cherry IJtand, 
Anno iSoj. &t the Chitgeoi Sir Francis Cherry, and 
therefore beareth his name. 

Mr. Henry Hudfm, Anno 1 608, was fent to difco- 
ver towards the North Pole, came to the latitude of 8 1 
degrees, attempted the North-Eaft Paffage in two 
Voyages ; performed one worthy difcovery to the 
North- Wefl into a great Bay called by his own name 
Hudfons Bay. 

"Jonas Pool and Thomas Edge, made a Voyage Not> 
therly toward the Pole, firft began the Whale killing iu 
Greenland ; to the eaftward whereof Mr. Edge found 
another Ifland, called by his own name, Edges J/land. 

F I 3\CJ ^' 

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indfuarh yau aqofrom JotniCllCCt 

Based on the handwritten Table of Contents, an inventory in September 2005 determined 
that the following maps were missing from this volume: 

Map 28 (New Jersey) 

Map 30 (West Indies from Cape Cod to River Oronoque) 

With the maps that were recovered from the Forbes Smiley thef^, two similar maps were 
returned to the Boston Public Library, Since internal evidence indicates that John 
Seller's "A Chart of the West Indies from Cape Cod to the river Oronoque" was 
originally bound m this atlas, it has been re-inserted as Map 30 as part of this 
conservation treatment. Although Smiley admitted removing "A Mapp of New Jersey in 
America" from this atlas, there is msufficient internal evidence to suggest that it was the 
one that was originally bound m this atlas. Consequently, we have not re-inserted it as 
Map 28 during this conservation treatment. It will be cataloged and filled separately as a 
single sheet map. 

Ronald E. Grim 


uidkrarh yauaqojrom JotnJcllCOL 




iYuut dftfic Jm cacutofuiT(Bii 



K^oulii Jca^